243 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    PACAP neurons in the ventral premammillary nucleus regulate reproductive function in the female mouse

    Rachel A Ross et al.
    Genetic and pharmacological approaches demonstrate that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide neurons from the ventral premamillary nucleus of the hypothalamus regulate reproductive function by modulating the activity of a subset of Kiss1 neurons in the female mouse.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A surface proton antenna in carbonic anhydrase II supports lactate transport in cancer cells

    Sina Ibne Noor et al.
    Carbonic anhydrase II features a surface proton antenna that exclusively mediates proton exchange with monocarboxylate transporters to facilitate proton-coupled lactate transport in cancer cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Rev7 and 53BP1/Crb2 prevent RecQ helicase-dependent hyper-resection of DNA double-strand breaks

    Bryan A Leland et al.
    A single-cell assay reveals that the genetic rewiring that underlies PARP inhibitor resistance drives altered DNA double-strand break end resection pathway choice.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct ‘safe zones’ at the nuclear envelope ensure robust replication of heterochromatic chromosome regions

    Hani Ebrahimi et al.
    The nuclear periphery houses compositionally and functionally distinct domains, one of which provides a 'safe zone' for replication and reassembly of heterochromatic genome regions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin functions as a spatiotemporal filter for excitatory synaptic inputs to VTA dopamine neurons

    Lei Xiao et al.
    Oxytocin, a peptide linked to the processing of socially meaningful stimuli, modulates excitatory synaptic transmission in dopaminergic neurons of ventral tegmental area via retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, acting as a pathway-specific temporal filter for synaptic inputs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Modulation of Prdm9-controlled meiotic chromosome asynapsis overrides hybrid sterility in mice

    Sona Gregorova et al.
    Prdm9-generated meiotic asynapsis of homologous chromosomes in mouse subspecific hybrids causes hybrid sterility and can be reversed by introducing random stretches of consubspecific sequence (≥ 27Mb) on four chromosomes most sensitive to asynapsis.
    1. Neuroscience

    First spikes in visual cortex enable perceptual discrimination

    Arbora Resulaj et al.
    A brief time window of visually evoked activity in mouse primary visual cortex is sufficient for perceptual discrimination.
    1. Neuroscience

    Control of voluntary and optogenetically perturbed locomotion by spike rate and timing of neurons of the mouse cerebellar nuclei

    Rashmi Sarnaik, Indira M Raman
    Stride-related modulated firing by neurons of the cerebellar nuclei is required for smooth execution of practiced locomotion and persists more easily with synchronous than asynchronous Purkinje-mediated inhibition.
    1. Cell Biology

    Myotubularin related protein-2 and its phospholipid substrate PIP2 control Piezo2-mediated mechanotransduction in peripheral sensory neurons

    Pratibha Narayanan et al.
    Local Mtmr2 activity and PI(3,5)P2 abundance dynamically control Piezo2-dependent mechanotransduction in peripheral sensory neurons.

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