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    1. Neuroscience

    Optical electrophysiology for probing function and pharmacology of voltage-gated ion channels

    Hongkang Zhang et al.
    Optogenetic tools enable sophisticated measurements of a voltage-gated sodium channel implicated in pain, as well as high-throughput screening of candidate channel blockers.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Rate and timing of cortical responses driven by separate sensory channels

    Hannes P Saal et al.
    Signals from different tactile submodalities are integrated optimally to culminate in cortical responses whose rate and timing conveys stimulus information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of perceptual inference

    William Sedley et al.
    Changes to sensory predictions are encoded by beta oscillations, surprise due to prediction violations by gamma oscillations, and alpha oscillations may have a role in controlling the precision of predictions.
    1. Neuroscience

    IK1 channels do not contribute to the slow afterhyperpolarization in pyramidal neurons

    Kang Wang et al.
    The slow afterhyperpolarization that follows a burst of action potentials is a powerful regulator of neuronal excitability and is not due to IK1 (KCNN4), a member of the SK channel family.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of a decade of successful antiretroviral therapy initiated at HIV-1 seroconversion on blood and rectal reservoirs

    Eva Malatinkova et al.
    An early start to long-term antiretroviral therapy limits the size of the HIV-1 reservoir more effectively than treatment that starts later.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frequency-selective control of cortical and subcortical networks by central thalamus

    Jia Liu et al.
    Central thalamus relay neurons dynamically switch the activity of cortical and subcortical networks at distinct frequencies, providing a mechanism for this region's role in arousal regulation.
    1. Cell Biology

    The cell proliferation antigen Ki-67 organises heterochromatin

    Michal Sobecki et al.
    Antigen Ki-67, which is widely used as a cell proliferation marker, controls heterochromatin organisation and gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recruitment of inhibition and excitation across mouse visual cortex depends on the hierarchy of interconnecting areas

    Rinaldo David D'Souza et al.
    The relative recruitment of excitatory and inhibitory neurons by cortico-cortical interareal pathways depends on the hierarchy of areas and the laminar location of the neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transformation of spatiotemporal dynamics in the macaque vestibular system from otolith afferents to cortex

    Jean Laurens et al.
    The spatial and dynamic properties of self-motion signals are acquired at the first stage of otolith signal transformation, which is in the brainstem and cerebellum, and conserved across brainstem, cerebellar and cortical areas.