7,408 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Evolutionary pathways of repeat protein topology in bacterial outer membrane proteins

    Meghan Whitney Franklin et al.
    There is a strand-based evolutionary mechanism for the diversification of outer membrane proteins, which has implications for how repeat proteins are created and for how outer membrane proteins fold.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ribosome•RelA structures reveal the mechanism of stringent response activation

    Anna B Loveland et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of 70S•RelA ribosome complexes reveal how cognate deacyl-tRNA activates RelA.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral evidence for memory replay of video episodes in the macaque

    Shuzhen Zuo et al.
    Macaque monkeys temporally compress past experiences and use a forward-replay mechanism during judgment of temporal-order between episodes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fast-backward replay of sequentially memorized items in humans

    Qiaoli Huang et al.
    Serially remembered items are successively reactivated during memory maintenance in the human brain, and replay profiles, temporally compressed and reverse in order, are associated with recency effect in behavioral performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recurrent network model for learning goal-directed sequences through reverse replay

    Tatsuya Haga, Tomoki Fukai
    The combination of short-term and long-term plasticity enables hippocampus to learn goal-directed paths through replay in a reversed order.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus encodes delay and value information during delay-discounting decision making

    Akira Masuda et al.
    Two distinct subpopulations of CA1 neurons that increased or decreased their firing rate during delay were identified, suggesting that they have distinct roles in the valuation process in the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Episodic-like memory trace in awake replay of hippocampal place cell activity sequences

    Susumu Takahashi
    What will happen where and when could be predicted by the sequential reactivation of place cells that occurs while an animal pauses, suggesting that the replay is linked to mental time travel.
    1. Neuroscience

    The roles of online and offline replay in planning

    Eran Eldar et al.
    Replay of recently experienced trajectories during a decision task is coupled with more effective adaptation to change, whereas replay during rest is associated with limited decision making flexibility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Offline replay supports planning in human reinforcement learning

    Ida Momennejad et al.
    fMRI evidence for off-task replay predicts subsequent replanning behavior in humans, suggesting that learning from simulated experience during replay helps update past policies in reinforcement learning.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Distinct roles for S. cerevisiae H2A copies in recombination and repeat stability, with a role for H2A.1 threonine 126

    Nealia CM House et al.
    Despite differing by only one amino acid in the C-terminal tail, copy 1 of yeast histone 2A has a repair-specific role not shared by copy 2.

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