5,137 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of human ZnT8 in both outward- and inward-facing conformations

    Jing Xue et al.
    Cryo-EM analysis of human ZnT8 reveals a large conformational change of TMD during the transport cycle.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A mechanism for the extension and unfolding of parallel telomeric G-quadruplexes by human telomerase at single-molecule resolution

    Bishnu P Paudel et al.
    Human telomerase unfolds and extends parallel G-quadruplexes using a unique mechanism involving its RNA template.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Atypical meiosis can be adaptive in outcrossed Schizosaccharomyces pombe due to wtf meiotic drivers

    María Angélica Bravo Núñez et al.
    The wtf meiotic drivers change the fitness landscape of meiosis in outcrossed Schizosaccharomyces pombe demonstrating that genetic parasites can favor the evolution of variants that disrupt meiotic fidelity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A human ESC-based screen identifies a role for the translated lncRNA LINC00261 in pancreatic endocrine differentiation

    Bjoern Gaertner et al.
    Ribosome profiling and loss-of-function during human ESC pancreatic differentiation reveal abundant lncRNA translation and an essential role for translated LINC00261 in beta cell differentiation, likely through a trans-regulatory, microprotein-independent mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tuning of olfactory cortex ventral tenia tecta neurons to distinct task elements of goal-directed behavior

    Kazuki Shiotani et al.
    Individual neurons of ventral tenia tecta which is a part of olfactory cortex tune to specific time windows in the behavioral context during odor-guided goal-directed behaviors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Medicine

    RAB23 coordinates early osteogenesis by repressing FGF10-pERK1/2 and GLI1

    Md Rakibul Hasan et al.
    RAB23 regulates calvarial bone and suture development both independently through, and by cross-talk between, Hedgehog and fibroblast growth factor signaling.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An analog to digital converter controls bistable transfer competence development of a widespread bacterial integrative and conjugative element

    Nicolas Carraro et al.
    A new multistep hierarchical cascade controls activation of an integrative and conjugative element in a small subpopulation of cells in its bacterial host, yielding proficient DNA transferring cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male-predominant galanin mediates androgen-dependent aggressive chases in medaka

    Junpei Yamashita et al.
    In medaka fish, galanin-expressing neurons in the medial preoptic area occur nearly exclusively in males and mediate androgen-dependent male–male aggressive chases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and mechanism of the Mrp complex, an ancient cation/proton antiporter

    Julia Steiner, Leonid Sazanov
    Structure of the Mrp antiporter, an ancestor of respiratory complex I, suggests a mechanism of coupling between cation and proton translocation, applicable to a large family of related membrane proteins.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modeling the metabolic interplay between a parasitic worm and its bacterial endosymbiont allows the identification of novel drug targets

    David M Curran et al.
    A genome scale model of Brugia malayi metabolism illustrates a dynamic reliance on energy production pathways across its life cycle and identifies new drugs with experimentally supported anti-parasitic properties.

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