4,702 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    DNA methylation and gene expression changes derived from assisted reproductive technologies can be decreased by reproductive fluids

    Sebastian Canovas et al.
    Reproductive fluids help the correct establishment of some epigenetic marks and gene expression in preimplantation pig embryos.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cystic proliferation of germline stem cells is necessary to reproductive success and normal mating behavior in medaka

    Luisa F Arias Padilla et al.
    In medaka fish, the reduction of cystic proliferation of germ stem cells declines gametogenesis, reproduction success, and male sexual behavior, with a decrease of mating vigor.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    3D in situ imaging of the female reproductive tract reveals molecular signatures of fertilizing spermatozoa in mice

    Lukas Ded et al.
    Fertilizing mouse spermatozoa, characterized by intact CatSper channels, lack of protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and reacted acrosomes, in the female reproductive tract provide molecular insight into sperm selection for successful fertilization.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Resistome diversity in cattle and the environment decreases during beef production

    Noelle R Noyes et al.
    Interventions in feedlots and abattoirs place selective pressure on the beef cattle resistome, which differentially impacts the public health risk of antimicrobial resistance from beef production sources.
    1. Plant Biology

    A viral protein promotes host SAMS1 activity and ethylene production for the benefit of virus infection

    Shanshan Zhao et al.
    Rice dwarf virus Pns11 protein increases rice susceptibility to virus infection by enhancing OsSAMS1 enzymatic activity and ethylene production.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CD163 and pAPN double-knockout pigs are resistant to PRRSV and TGEV and exhibit decreased susceptibility to PDCoV while maintaining normal production performance

    Kui Xu et al.
    The double-gene-knockout pig is a valuable model to help understand the mechanisms of CD163 and pAPN in the infection of multiple viruses and offers excellent breeding materials for disease-resistant pigs.
    1. Cell Biology

    Loss of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) impairs sperm function and male reproductive advantage in C. elegans

    Chia-An Yen et al.
    Loss of FAD stemming from cell autonomous defects in mitochondrial proline catabolism impairs sperm quality male reproductive advantage in C. elegans.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Topological constraints in early multicellularity favor reproductive division of labor

    David Yanni et al.
    Mathematical modeling shows that reproductive specialization is strongly favored in sparse networks of cellular interactions that reflect the morphology of early multicellular organisms, even when benefits of specialization are saturating.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Ecological feedback in quorum-sensing microbial populations can induce heterogeneous production of autoinducers

    Matthias Bauer et al.
    Quorum sensing enables heterogeneous production of autoinducers in microbial populations, suggesting an alternative mechanism to stochastic gene expression in bistable gene-regulatory circuits to control phenotypic heterogeneity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Genetic dissection of the different roles of hypothalamic kisspeptin neurons in regulating female reproduction

    Luhong Wang et al.
    Estradiol regulates the pre-ovulatory luteinizing hormone surge through hypothalamic anteroventral periventricular kisspeptin neurons and maintains reproductive cyclicity through arcuate kisspeptin neurons in an activational manner.

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