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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Live cell imaging of meiosis in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Maria A Prusicki et al.
    Live cell imaging and the in vivo dissection into distinct stages, called landmarks, represents a new methodology for analyzing meiosis in Arabidopsis and likely in other species as well.
    1. Ecology

    5α-cyprinol sulfate, a bile salt from fish, induces diel vertical migration in Daphnia

    Meike Anika Hahn et al.
    A fish-derived bile salt was shown to act as interspecific infochemical, inducing the widespread predator avoidance behavior diel vertical migration at picomolar concentrations in freshwater zooplankton of the genus Daphnia.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Nitric oxide radicals are emitted by wasp eggs to kill mold fungi

    Erhard Strohm et al.
    To protect their food and themselves against detrimental mould fungi, the eggs of a wasp species synthesize and emit remarkable amounts of gaseous nitrogen oxides that are highly effective antimicrobials.
    1. Ecology

    Kairomones: Finding the fish factor

    Georg Pohnert
    The water flea Daphnia moves to deeper waters to avoid predators when it detects a chemical produced by fish.
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    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs

    Leah Guthrie et al.
    A network of the gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs and supports the generation of mechanistic hypotheses of microbiome metabolic phenotypes that shape human biology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The interplay at the replisome mitigates the impact of oxidative damage on the genetic integrity of hyperthermophilic Archaea

    Tom Killelea et al.
    An investigation into 8-oxodeoxguanosine bypass by archaeal DNA polymerases.
    1. Cell Biology

    Proinsulin misfolding is an early event in the progression to type 2 diabetes

    Anoop Arunagiri et al.
    Proinsulin misfolding, an established cause of diabetes in patients with INS gene mutations, is now observed in normal human pancreatic islets, and rodents with genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ADAM17-dependent signaling is required for oncogenic human papillomavirus entry platform assembly

    Snježana Mikuličić et al.
    ADAM17 is a key player in the non-canonical endocytosis pathway that is used by oncogenic papillomaviruses as it allows virus/receptor platform assembly by activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.
    1. Plant Biology

    Plant–necrotroph co-transcriptome networks illuminate a metabolic battlefield

    Wei Zhang et al.
    Simultaneously measuring the transcriptomes of both a host plant and fungal pathogen, co-transcriptomics, identified diverse, dynamic and independent communication mechanisms conveying information between the two organisms via discrete gene modules.