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    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Ecological feedback in quorum-sensing microbial populations can induce heterogeneous production of autoinducers

    Matthias Bauer et al.
    Quorum sensing enables heterogeneous production of autoinducers in microbial populations, suggesting an alternative mechanism to stochastic gene expression in bistable gene-regulatory circuits to control phenotypic heterogeneity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Genetic dissection of the different roles of hypothalamic kisspeptin neurons in regulating female reproduction

    Luhong Wang et al.
    Estradiol regulates the pre-ovulatory luteinizing hormone surge through hypothalamic anteroventral periventricular kisspeptin neurons and maintains reproductive cyclicity through arcuate kisspeptin neurons in an activational manner.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Structure in the variability of the basic reproductive number (R0) for Zika epidemics in the Pacific islands

    Clara Champagne et al.
    Stochastic models able to reproduce both incidence and seroprevalence data for Zika outbreaks in the Pacific Islands estimate that the basic reproduction number (R0) is between 1.5 and 4.1.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pilot study of large-scale production of mutant pigs by ENU mutagenesis

    Tang Hai et al.
    ENU mutagenesis in pigs is an efficient strategy to introduce mutations at the whole-genome level and mutants have been generated on a large scale for agricultural production and biomedical research.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Discovery of methylfarnesoate as the annelid brain hormone reveals an ancient role of sesquiterpenoids in reproduction

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A small brain-derived lipid prevents bristle worms from entering maturation and death, challenging current views of hormone evolution and pesticide specificity.
    1. Neuroscience

    PACAP neurons in the ventral premammillary nucleus regulate reproductive function in the female mouse

    Rachel A Ross et al.
    Genetic and pharmacological approaches demonstrate that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide neurons from the ventral premamillary nucleus of the hypothalamus regulate reproductive function by modulating the activity of a subset of Kiss1 neurons in the female mouse.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of non-reproductive workers in insect colonies with haplodiploid genetics

    Jason W Olejarz et al.
    A mathematical model predicts the precise conditions for natural selection to favor the evolution of non-reproductive workers in insect colonies with haplodiploid genetics.
    1. Cell Biology

    Lpcat3-dependent production of arachidonoyl phospholipids is a key determinant of triglyceride secretion

    Xin Rong et al.
    The enzyme Lpcat3 plays a unique role in the incorporation of arachidonic acid into membranes, which is required for the production of lipoproteins.
    1. Developmental Biology

    YAP is essential for mechanical force production and epithelial cell proliferation during lung branching morphogenesis

    Chuwen Lin et al.
    The control of local cell properties such as epithelial cell number and mechanical force production by Hippo signaling is a major determinant of lung branching.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Hsp70-associated chaperones have a critical role in buffering protein production costs

    Zoltán Farkas et al.
    Protein biosynthesis and protein quality control jointly determine protein production costs.