345 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dissection of affinity captured LINE-1 macromolecular complexes

    Martin S Taylor et al.
    The range of molecular forms adopted by L1 retrotransposons reflect a tapestry of lifecycle-permissive and -restrictive host-parasite interactions occurring within cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    TRAIN (Transcription of Repeats Activates INterferon) in response to chromatin destabilization induced by small molecules in mammalian cells

    Katerina Leonova et al.
    Type I interferon signaling protects cells from the loss of epigenetic integrity, since it is activated in cells in response to accumulation of transcripts originating from normally silenced heterochromatin, caused by small-molecule-mediated nucleosome unfolding.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Activating the regenerative potential of Müller glia cells in a regeneration-deficient retina

    Katharina Lust, Joachim Wittbrodt
    Müller glia cells in the medaka (Oryzias latipes) retina act as lineage restricted progenitors which only regenerate photoreceptors but can be activated to perform as potent stem cells using Sox2.
    1. Cancer Biology

    LIPG signaling promotes tumor initiation and metastasis of human basal-like triple-negative breast cancer

    Pang-Kuo Lo et al.
    LIPG, a lipoprotein lipase, executes its oncogenic function in human basal-like triple-negative breast cancer through its functional involvement in DTX3L-ISG15 signaling, an interferon-related pathway that regulates protein functionality by ISGylation.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Unique molecular events during reprogramming of human somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) at naïve state

    Yixuan Wang et al.
    During reprogramming of human fibroblasts to naïve iPSCs there is transient reactivation of transcripts with the characteristics of 8-cell-stage-embryos.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Differential requirements of androgen receptor in luminal progenitors during prostate regeneration and tumor initiation

    Chee Wai Chua et al.
    Analyses of genetically engineered mouse models reveal the androgen receptor-independent properties of a luminal stem/progenitor cell in the prostate epithelium, and its ability to serve as a cell of origin for castration-resistant prostate cancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mitochondrial CoQ deficiency is a common driver of mitochondrial oxidants and insulin resistance

    Daniel J Fazakerley et al.
    Lower mitochondrial coenzyme Q was a consistent feature across multiple in vitro and in vivo models of insulin resistance and was sufficient to cause insulin resistance through increased mitochondrial oxidants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Targeting RAS-driven human cancer cells with antibodies to upregulated and essential cell-surface proteins

    Alexander J Martinko et al.
    Proteomics and functional genomics coupled to an antibody discovery pipeline revealed the influence of oncogenic RAS signaling on the cell-surface proteome and resulted in the discovery of potential therapeutic targets for RAS-driven cancers.
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    Enabling scientific discussion on eLife with Hypothesis

    We collaborated with Hypothesis to integrate the open annotation tool on eLife.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    FGF mediated MAPK and PI3K/Akt Signals make distinct contributions to pluripotency and the establishment of Neural Crest

    Lauren Geary, Carole LaBonne
    A role for FGF-mediated Map Kinase signaling in the retention of pluripotency underlying genesis of Neural Crest is revealed, along with a striking switch in the signaling cascades activated by FGF signaling as cells commence lineage restriction.

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