344 results found
  1. April 2014

    Episode 11: April 2014

    In this episode we hear about neuropathic pain, gene therapy, insulin production, aging in worms, and how flatworms grow new body parts.
  2. Episode 37: March 2017

    In this episode we hear about helping people with paralysis to communicate, how exposing mice to nicotine can affect their sons, scaffold-building parasites, the origins of handedness and plain-language summaries of research.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Erythropoietin signaling regulates heme biosynthesis

    Jacky Chung et al.
    EPO/JAK2/PKA signaling cascade via AKAP10 relocalization to the outer mitochondrial membrane results in the phosphorylation of the terminal heme synthesis enzyme ferrochelatase, which contributes to heme production in red cells.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Longevity is impacted by growth hormone action during early postnatal period

    Liou Y Sun et al.
    Transient hormonal alterations during early critical developmental periods can have a crucial and long-lasting effect on lifespan in mice.
    1. Cell Biology

    Selective sorting and destruction of mitochondrial membrane proteins in aged yeast

    Adam L Hughes et al.
    A new mitochondrial protein degradation pathway selectively sorts and destroys a subset of the mitochondrial membrane proteome to protect mitochondria in times of stress.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    miR-142 regulates the tumorigenicity of human breast cancer stem cells through the canonical WNT signaling pathway

    Taichi Isobe et al.
    Insights into the roles and mechanisms of two of the miRNAs upregulated in human breast cancer stem cells in at least some breast cancers are presented.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic sodium spikes are required for long-term potentiation at distal synapses on hippocampal pyramidal neurons

    Yujin Kim et al.
    At distal synapses onto hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons, synaptic plasticity is dependent on dendritically initiated sodium spikes, thus establishing a new role for voltage-gated sodium channels in the dendrites that may have important implications for how learning rules are implemented.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Modulation of occluding junctions alters the hematopoietic niche to trigger immune activation

    Rohan J Khadilkar et al.
    Occluding-junctions form a permeability barrier around the hematopoietic niche in Drosophila that controls the production of immune cells in response to infection by shaping the signalling micro-environment produced by the niche.

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