2,888 results found
  1. Science Policy: Reforming research assessment

    Randy Schekman, Mark Patterson
    It is time for the research community to rethink how the outputs of scientific research are evaluated and, as the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment makes clear, this should involve replacing the journal impact factor with a broad range of more meaningful approaches.
    Editorial
    Available as:
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  2. Research Culture: Changing how we evaluate research is difficult, but not impossible

    Anna Hatch, Stephen Curry
    The DORA initiative offers practical guidance on improving the assessment of research by universities, research institutions, and funders.
  3. Meta-Research: Large-scale language analysis of peer review reports

    Ivan Buljan et al.
    The linguistic characteristics of peer review reports are not influenced by research area, type of review or reviewer gender, which is evidence for the robustness of peer review.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Standardized mean differences cause funnel plot distortion in publication bias assessments

    Peter-Paul Zwetsloot et al.
    Funnel plots of the Standardized Mean Difference versus the standard error are prone to distortion, leading to false-positive tests for funnel plot asymmetry, and therefore using the Normalised Mean Difference, or a sample size-based precision estimate, are more reliable alternatives.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    CNTN5-/+or EHMT2-/+human iPSC-derived neurons from individuals with autism develop hyperactive neuronal networks

    Eric Deneault et al.
    Autism-associated iPSC-derived neurons mutant in CNTN5 or EHMT2 are hyperactive.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Defining host–pathogen interactions employing an artificial intelligence workflow

    Daniel Fisch et al.
    The application of deep learning fills a major gap in host–pathogen research providing for unbiased, multi-module high-throughput image analysis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    A meta-analysis of threats to valid clinical inference in preclinical research of sunitinib

    Valerie C Henderson et al.
    Preclinical efficacy experiments testing sunitinib in animal cancer models display a lack of methodological rigour, with trim-and-fill analysis suggesting prominent publication bias that leads to an overestimation of treatment effect.
    1. Neuroscience

    MouseBytes, an open-access high-throughput pipeline and database for rodent touchscreen-based cognitive assessment

    Flavio H Beraldo et al.
    Comprehensive dataset of high-level cognitive assessment in mouse models of neurodegeneration, accompanied by an open-access database/repository to change the paradigm of how cognitive studies in animal models can be shared/re-used.
    1. Neuroscience

    Poor coherence in older people's speech is explained by impaired semantic and executive processes

    Paul Hoffman et al.
    Remaining focused on the topic at hand when speaking depends on effective selection of task-relevant semantic knowledge, and declines in this ability account for increases in off-topic speech in older people.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Computed tomography shows high fracture prevalence among physically active forager-horticulturalists with high fertility

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    High reproductive effort constrains bone tissue response to physical activity-induced mechanical loading.

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