1,460 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome territory formation attenuates the translocation potential of cells

    Leah F Rosin et al.
    The translocation potential of cells can be modulated by Condensin II activity during interphase.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    DUCT reveals architectural mechanisms contributing to bile duct recovery in a mouse model for Alagille syndrome

    Simona Hankeova et al.
    Dual resin casting of multiple lumenized systems followed by microCT allows visualization, digitalization, and quantification of architectural parameters defining the vascular and biliary systems in liver revealing new phenotypes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A zebrafish screen reveals Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors as neuroprotective via mitochondrial restoration in dopamine neurons

    Gha-Hyun J Kim et al.
    In vivo dopamine neuron imaging-based neuroprotective small molecule screen in larval zebrafish and mechanistic investigation using conditional CRISPR knockout and cell-type-specific RNA-seq analysis, coupled with cross-species analyses including human clinical data interrogation, uncover potential disease-modifying therapeutics for Parkinson's disease (PD).
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Theory for the optimal detection of time-varying signals in cellular sensing systems

    Giulia Malaguti, Pieter Rein ten Wolde
    A theory is presented for the optimal design of cellular sensing systems that maximizes the sensing precision given resource constraints.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Efficient support of virus-like particle assembly by the HIV-1 packaging signal

    Mauricio Comas-Garcia et al.
    The packaging signal in HIV-1 genomic RNA supports in vitro particle assembly more efficiently than control RNAs, probably explaining its selective packaging during virus assembly in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis coordinates oxidative metabolism in mammalian mitochondria

    Sara M Nowinski et al.
    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis is best known for producing lipoic acid, however, longer acyl chain products regulate mitochondrial electron transport chain assembly, oxidative TCA cycle metabolism, and skeletal myoblast differentiation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dissection of specific binding of HIV-1 Gag to the 'packaging signal' in viral RNA

    Mauricio Comas-Garcia et al.
    While HIV-1 Gag protein binds tightly to several RNAs, it binds to the viral RNA 'packaging signal' with higher specificity than to control RNAs.
    1. Neuroscience

    MagC, magnetic collection of ultrathin sections for volumetric correlative light and electron microscopy

    Thomas Templier
    The augmentation of resin-embedded sample blocks with magnetic resin allows remote actuation of ultrathin sections and deposition at high packing density onto silicon wafers for correlative light and electron microscopy.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Dynamics of pattern formation and emergence of swarming in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Esin Demir et al.
    Collective responses of animals are generally controlled by complex biological mechanisms and in Caenorhabditis eleganscollective dynamics are purely controlled by physical parameters such as oxygen penetration and bacterial diffusion.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cyclin A/Cdk1 modulates Plk1 activity in prometaphase to regulate kinetochore-microtubule attachment stability

    Ana Maria G Dumitru et al.
    Quantitative phosphoproteomics defines the substrates for Cyclin A/Cdk1 kinase during early mitosis and follow up studies validate that one identified substrate, MYPT1, influences the stability of k-MT attachments by regulating Plk1.

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