4,968 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial Evolution: The road to resistance

    Devon M Fitzgerald
    The way that bacteria grow—either floating in liquid or attached to a surface—affects their ability to evolve antimicrobial resistance and our ability to treat infections.
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    1. Cell Biology

    Epigenetics: How does obesity lead to insulin resistance?

    Chan Hee J Choi, Paul Cohen
    Experiments on mice show that an enzyme called DNA methyltransferase 3a is involved in insulin resistance via an epigenetic mechanism.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quantifying antibiotic impact on within-patient dynamics of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase resistance

    Rene Niehus et al.
    A data-driven within-host model reveals that different antibiotics are associated with divergent effects on antibiotic resistance carriage and abundance in hospitalised patients, with important implications for antibiotic stewardship.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribosomal mutations promote the evolution of antibiotic resistance in a multidrug environment

    James E Gomez et al.
    Mutations in several components of a bacterial ribosome are shown to broadly decrease antibiotic and stress sensitivity, and readily accessible reversion mutations allow these ribosomal mutations to serve as stepping stones to high level antibiotic resistance.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inter-species population dynamics enhance microbial horizontal gene transfer and spread of antibiotic resistance

    Robert M Cooper et al.
    Killing their neighbors allows bacteria to steal genes, including antibiotic resistance genes, which we observed under a microscope, quantified, modeled, and predicted potentially guiding strategies to combat it.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Targeting mir128-3p alleviates myocardial insulin resistance and prevents ischemia-induced heart failure

    Andrea Ruiz-Velasco et al.
    Targeting mir128-3p could prevent cardiac insulin resistance in the non-infarcted myocardium and limit cardiac injury after myocardial infarction, delaying the development of heart failure.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Systematic detection of horizontal gene transfer across genera among multidrug-resistant bacteria in a single hospital

    Daniel R Evans et al.
    Mobile genetic elements were identified and tracked as they exchanged between multidrug-resistant bacteria causing infections at a single hospital.
    1. Cancer Biology

    TLE3 loss confers AR inhibitor resistance by facilitating GR-mediated human prostate cancer cell growth

    Sander AL Palit et al.
    A mechanistic link between TLE3 loss and glucocorticoid receptor-mediated androgen receptor inhibitor resistance supports the rationale to target GR during anti-hormonal treatment in castrate-resistant prostate cancer.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary pathways to antibiotic resistance are dependent upon environmental structure and bacterial lifestyle

    Alfonso Santos-Lopez et al.
    Bacteria growing in biofilms evolve antimicrobial resistance via different pathways and generate greater genetic diversity than well-mixed populations, selecting fitter but less resistant genotypes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Epistasis and entrenchment of drug resistance in HIV-1 subtype B

    Avik Biswas et al.
    Drug resistance in HIV is the result of mutations, which affect fitness depending on epistatic interactions with the entire sequence background that varies within and between patient populations.

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