75 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Axonal mechanisms mediating γ-aminobutyric acid receptor type A (GABA-A) inhibition of striatal dopamine release

    Paul F Kramer et al.
    GABA-A receptors on dopamine neuron axons not only depolarize the membrane but also limit action potential propagation, an effect potentiated by positive allosteric modulators of GABA-A receptors like diazepam (Valium).
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamics of gaze control during prey capture in freely moving mice

    Angie M Michaiel et al.
    During natural visual behavior in mice, orienting towards a target is driven by head movements, during which the eyes stabilize and shift the visual input.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    New insights into the mechanism of dynein motor regulation by lissencephaly-1

    Steven M Markus et al.
    The role of LIS1 in dynein-mediated transport in various biological contexts is reviewed with a focus on recent studies that revealed a new mechanism by which LIS1 functions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the biophysical properties of neonatal auditory neurons align with synaptic contact position and the intensity coding map of inner hair cells

    Alexander L Markowitz, Radha Kalluri
    The biophysical diversity that is intrinsic to spiral ganglion neurons emerges as spatial gradients during early post-natal development and endures through subsequent maturation to likely contribute to sound intensity coding.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mitigating memory effects during undulatory locomotion on hysteretic materials

    Perrin E Schiebel et al.
    Undulatory animals moving on the surface must manage material memory by either having a slender anatomy that facilitates avoiding previously remodeled substrate, or using waveshapes that effectively utilize the memory.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Theoretical relation between axon initial segment geometry and excitability

    Sarah Goethals, Romain Brette
    Theoretical analysis uncovers the impact of axon initial segment plasticity on neural excitability.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dullard-mediated Smad1/5/8 inhibition controls mouse cardiac neural crest cells condensation and outflow tract septation

    Jean-François Darrigrand et al.
    New views on the relevance of bone morphogenetic protein signalling fine tuning in the cardiac neural crest cells for the heart outflow tract septation and the formation of the great arteries.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Myosin V executes steps of variable length via structurally constrained diffusion

    David Hathcock et al.
    A theoretical model comprehensively describes the stepping dynamics of the motor protein myosin V, unraveling the significance of a recently discovered structural constraint on the angle between its lever arms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionarily unique mechanistic framework of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in plants

    Madhumitha Narasimhan et al.
    The examination of the ultra-structure and in vivo dynamics of endocytosis in plants reveal plants unique actin-independent, clathrin-mediated endocytosis mechanisms to overcome their unique physiological properties.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Flower-like patterns in multi-species bacterial colonies

    Liyang Xiong et al.
    Mechanical interactions between bacterial species with different motility characteristics play an important role in spatial-temporal dynamics of multi-species bacterial colonies and can lead to formation of complex patterns.

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