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    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Genetic variation, environment and demography intersect to shape Arabidopsis defense metabolite variation across Europe

    Ella Katz et al.
    Measurements of specialized metabolites across a population of 800 natural Arabidopsis thaliana accessions revealed different pressures and evolutionary processes that shaped their variation and distribution across Europe.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Spatiotemporal control of cell cycle acceleration during axolotl spinal cord regeneration

    Emanuel Cura Costa et al.
    Computational modeling and a cell cycle-reporting axolotl reveal how spinal cord regeneration can be achieved by a signal that propagates 828 μm from the injury site during the first 85 hours post-amputation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Biosynthesis of a sulfated exopolysaccharide, synechan, and bloom formation in the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803

    Kaisei Maeda et al.
    A potentially useful cyanobacterial sulfated exopolysaccharide and its biosynthesis and regulation genes, which contribute to the laboratorial bloom formation, are elucidated for the first time among prokaryotes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Genetic architecture of 11 organ traits derived from abdominal MRI using deep learning

    Yi Liu et al.
    Systematic quantification of abdominal organ health parameters using deep learning generates new insights into the genetic architecture of cardiometabolic health traits.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant Ecology: Getting the metabolites right

    Arthur Korte
    A study of almost 800 Arabidopsis thaliana plants from across Europe reveals how the environment and evolutionary pressures shape their metabolites.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dwarf open reading frame (DWORF) is a direct activator of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump SERCA

    M'Lynn E Fisher et al.
    Activation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump and enhancement of cellular calcium homeostasis by dwarf open reading frame reveal how this small membrane protein opposes phospholamban inhibitory function in cardiac muscle.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Repression by the Arabidopsis TOPLESS corepressor requires association with the core mediator complex

    Alexander R Leydon et al.
    The TPL corepressor binds to the core mediator complex through MED21 to inhibit transcription while simultaneously priming repressed genes for rapid reactivation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Tumor stiffening reversion through collagen crosslinking inhibition improves T cell migration and anti-PD-1 treatment

    Alba Nicolas-Boluda et al.
    Tumor stiffness blocks T cell migration in tumors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential spatiotemporal development of Purkinje cell populations and cerebellum-dependent sensorimotor behaviors

    Gerrit Cornelis Beekhof et al.
    Different Purkinje cell subpopulations show distinct developmental profiles of physiological activity, climbing fiber inputs and axonal and dendritic morphology, matching different timelines of cerebellum-dependent behaviors.