651 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Optogenetic control of PRC1 reveals its role in chromosome alignment on the spindle by overlap length-dependent forces

    Mihaela Jagrić et al.
    Optogenetic experiments show that bridging microtubules buffer chromosome movements and promote their alignment through forces transferred to the associated kinetochore fibers, which rely on precise regulation of the overlap region.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Mitochondrial copper and phosphate transporter specificity was defined early in the evolution of eukaryotes

    Xinyu Zhu et al.
    Ancient evolutionary signatures reveal mechanistic details of substrate specificity in copper-transporting mitochondria carrier family proteins.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    DUCT reveals architectural mechanisms contributing to bile duct recovery in a mouse model for Alagille syndrome

    Simona Hankeova et al.
    Dual resin casting of multiple lumenized systems followed by microCT allows visualization, digitalization, and quantification of architectural parameters defining the vascular and biliary systems in liver revealing new phenotypes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dichloroacetate reverses sepsis-induced hepatic metabolic dysfunction

    Rabina Mainali et al.
    Integrative multi-omics reveals global dysregulation in hepatic metabolism during prolonged sepsis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Integration of IL-2 and IL-4 signals coordinates divergent regulatory T cell responses and drives therapeutic efficacy

    Julie Y Zhou et al.
    Simultaneous cytokine signaling results in unexpected transcription factor changes that fuel a cellular response divergent from the sum of each cytokine alone.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of cortical control over the descending pain modulatory system determines the development of the neuropathic pain state in rats

    Robert AR Drake et al.
    Alterations to brain network communication leading to a progressive loss in descending inhibitory modulation of the spinal cord is a key determinate of pain state development following peripheral nerve injury.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Myosin with hypertrophic cardiac mutation R712L has a decreased working stroke which is rescued by omecamtiv mecarbil

    Aaron Snoberger et al.
    Mechanochemical defects of a β-cardiac myosin mutation that results in severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are reported and the heart failure drug omecamtiv mecarbil rescues these defects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Leptin receptor neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus regulate diurnal patterns of feeding, locomotion, and metabolism

    Chelsea L Faber et al.
    Synchronized feeding and metabolic patterns with environmental light–dark cycles is critical to maintain energy homeostasis and requires the activity of leptin-receptor neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus.

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