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    1. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes release prostaglandin E2 to modify respiratory network activity

    David Forsberg et al.
    Astrocytes modulate neuronal networks during hypercapnia, introducing a novel gliotransmitter pathway where prostaglandin E2 regulates breathing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Development of pacemaker properties and rhythmogenic mechanisms in the mouse embryonic respiratory network

    Marc Chevalier et al.
    Pacemaker neurons are present in the preBötC circuitry of mouse embryos and their role in driving respiratory network activity changes during the critical period immediately before birth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dbx1 precursor cells are a source of inspiratory XII premotoneurons

    Ann L Revill et al.
    Building on previous work (Wang et al., 2014), we use a combination of genetic, electrophysiology and laser ablation approaches to identify a developmentally defined population of neurons that are a significant source of clinically relevant inspiratory drive to XII motoneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Absent phasing of respiratory and locomotor rhythms in running mice

    Coralie Hérent et al.
    When mice run, their breathing frequency increases but breaths are not temporally synchronized to strides at any speed or gait.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insights into the dynamic control of breathing revealed through cell-type-specific responses to substance P

    Nathan A Baertsch, Jan-Marino Ramirez
    The neuromodulator substance P enhances mechanisms of recurrent excitation between breaths to control breathing frequency and stability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dual mechanisms of opioid-induced respiratory depression in the inspiratory rhythm-generating network

    Nathan A Baertsch et al.
    Opioids cause hyperpolarization and pre-synaptic suppression among a subset of preBötzinger Complex neurons to impair respiratory rhythmogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Leptin receptor neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus regulate diurnal patterns of feeding, locomotion, and metabolism

    Chelsea L Faber et al.
    Synchronized feeding and metabolic patterns with environmental light–dark cycles is critical to maintain energy homeostasis and requires the activity of leptin-receptor neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two opposite voltage-dependent currents control the unusual early development pattern of embryonic Renshaw cell electrical activity

    Juliette Boeri et al.
    A simple mechanism, based on the synergy of two major opposing voltage-dependent currents that are ubiquitous in neurons, produces functional diversity of developing Renshaw cells in the embryo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning improves decoding of odor identity with phase-referenced oscillations in the olfactory bulb

    Justin Losacco et al.
    Tetrode recordings show that the amplitude of gamma oscillations encodes for information on contextual odorant identity when observed at the peak phase of the theta oscillation in the olfactory bulb.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transitioning between preparatory and precisely sequenced neuronal activity in production of a skilled behavior

    Vamsi K Daliparthi et al.
    Precisely sequenced patterns of neuronal activity associated with the production of a skilled behavior begin and end as part of orchestrated activity across functionally diverse populations of cortical premotor neurons.