32 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Respiratory syncytial virus co-opts host mitochondrial function to favour infectious virus production

    MengJie Hu et al.
    RSV's unique ability to co-opt host cell mitochondria to facilitate viral infection reveals the RSV-mitochondrial interface as a viable target for therapeutic intervention.
    1. Medicine
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Reducing respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization in a lower-income country by vaccinating mothers-to-be and their households

    Samuel PC Brand et al.
    Targeting the mothers, and other household members, of newborns with a mixture of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccines is both efficient and effective at reducing RSV hospitalizations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SARS-CoV-2 entry into human airway organoids is serine protease-mediated and facilitated by the multibasic cleavage site

    Anna Z Mykytyn et al.
    Whereas SARS-CoV-2 utilizes cathepsins to enter most cell lines, human airway organoids revealed that entry into relevant cells is dependent on serine proteases, which can be targeted for treatment.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RAGE deficiency predisposes mice to virus-induced paucigranulocytic asthma

    Jaisy Arikkatt et al.
    HMGB1 drives the development of paucigranulocytic asthma in RAGE deficient mice.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Drastic changes in conformational dynamics of the antiterminator M2-1 regulate transcription efficiency in Pneumovirinae

    Cedric Leyrat et al.
    A combination of X-ray crystallography, molecular dynamics and small angle X-ray scattering shows that the transcription antiterminator M2-1 is a structurally dynamic homotetramer that undergoes large concerted conformational changes upon binding its target RNA.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Seasonal variation and etiologic inferences of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea mortality in India

    Daniel S Farrar et al.
    Nationally-representative verbal autopsies can be linked to seasonal patterns, clinical syndromes, and climate regions to describe novel insights regarding the microbiologic etiologies of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea in India.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Self-capping of nucleoprotein filaments protects the Newcastle disease virus genome

    Xiyong Song et al.
    Structural and functional studies reveal how Newcastle disease virus nucleocapsid protects its viral genome through a self-capping mechanism, which is important for new antiviral drug design.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Broadly neutralizing human antibodies against dengue virus identified by single B cell transcriptomics

    Natasha D Durham et al.
    Identification of viral and host determinants of broadly neutralizing antibodies targeting a new epitope on dengue virus that can be used to guide vaccine design.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Polymerization of misfolded Z alpha-1 antitrypsin protein lowers CX3CR1 expression in human PBMCs

    Srinu Tumpara et al.
    Finding that circulating Z alpha-1 antitrypsin polymers, a feature of ZZ AAT deficiency, lower the expression of CX3CR1 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells encourages more detailed analyses on different circulating misfolded proteins and their role on immune cell surveillance/function.

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