28 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding the brain state-dependent relationship between pupil dynamics and resting state fMRI signal fluctuation

    Filip Sobczak et al.
    The variability of the pupil–fMRI relationship was characterized through a combination of clustering and prediction methods, which revealed brain state-specific subcortical and neuromodulatory activation patterns reflected in pupil dynamics.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ketogenic diet restrains aging-induced exacerbation of coronavirus infection in mice

    Seungjin Ryu et al.
    Ketogenic diet protects against coronavirus-infected aged mice, which, like humans, are significantly more susceptible to infections, by deactivating NLRP3 inflammasome, reducing pathogenic monotypes, and expanding γδ T cells in the lung.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin-expressing parafacial neurons are CO2/H+ sensitive and regulate baseline breathing

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Cellular and chemogenetic approaches identify a novel mode of chemotransduction involving regulation of basal breathing by CO2/H+-dependent disinhibition.
    1. Cell Biology

    SARS-CoV-2 requires cholesterol for viral entry and pathological syncytia formation

    David W Sanders et al.
    A high-throughput microscopy screen for drugs that modulate SARS-CoV-2 spike-mediated membrane fusion identifies an essential role for cholesterol in both virus entry and syncytia formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    fMRI-based detection of alertness predicts behavioral response variability

    Sarah E Goodale et al.
    Time-varying states of alertness that shape behavioral responses may be detected from fMRI signal patterns.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Development and characterization of a chronic implant mouse model for vagus nerve stimulation

    Ibrahim T Mughrabi et al.
    Long-term, dose-controlled vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is feasible in mice using a multi-lab validated implantation procedure, allowing therapeutic testing of VNS in many disease models.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Short-term exposure to intermittent hypoxia leads to changes in gene expression seen in chronic pulmonary disease

    Gang Wu et al.
    RNA profiles from lungs of mice exposed to intermittent hypoxia shared similarity with gene expression changes in human lung from patients with pulmonary diseases, including pulmonary hypertension, COPD, and asthma.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neutrophil infiltration regulates clock-gene expression to organize daily hepatic metabolism

    María Crespo et al.
    Circadian neutrophil infiltration in the liver modulates liver clock-gene expression and daily hepatic metabolism through the secretion of elastase and activation of JNK-FGF21-Bmal1 axis in the hepatocyte.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dot1l interacts with Zc3h10 to activate Ucp1 and other thermogenic genes

    Danielle Yi et al.
    Dot1l and its H3K79 methyltransferase activity are required for thermogenesis, and Dot1l is recruited by Zc3h10 to its targets genes to alter chromatin accessibility to activate the thermogenic gene program.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable control of unconditioned responses and associative fear learning by parabrachial CGRP neurons

    Anna J Bowen et al.
    Parabrachial neurons expressing CGRP relay affective components of ascending pain information via distinct thalamic and amygdalar pathways, which together contribute to complementary aspects of adaptive threat responses.

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