2,374 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The horizontally-acquired response regulator SsrB drives a Salmonella lifestyle switch by relieving biofilm silencing

    Stuti K Desai et al.
    A response regulator acquired via lateral gene transfer has rewired an ancestral genetic circuitry and regulates alternative pathogenic lifestyles.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A type I IFN-dependent DNA damage response regulates the genetic program and inflammasome activation in macrophages

    Abigail J Morales et al.
    Activated macrophages initiate a robust DNA damage response that depends on type I IFN and regulates their genetic program and inflammasome activation, establishing a mechanistic link between DNA damage responses and innate immunity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    RNA binding protein Caprin-2 is a pivotal regulator of the central osmotic defense response

    Agnieszka Konopacka et al.
    Caprin-2 is up-regulated in the rat hypothalamus by osmotic stress and controls vital homeostatic osmoregulatory mechanisms by altering the length of the poly(A) tail on arginine vasopressin mRNAs.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Growth hormone-releasing hormone disruption extends lifespan and regulates response to caloric restriction in mice

    Liou Y Sun et al.
    Mice with a mutation that disrupts the release of growth hormone show greatly increased lifespan, which can be further increased by caloric restriction.
    1. Cell Biology

    Alternative RNA splicing in the endothelium mediated in part by Rbfox2 regulates the arterial response to low flow

    Patrick A Murphy et al.
    Transcriptome analysis reveals an alternative splicing program induced in the arterial endothelium under low-flow inflammatory conditions by platelet and macrophage recruitment and dependent upon the RNA-binding splice factor Rbfox2.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    The PERK arm of the unfolded protein response regulates satellite cell-mediated skeletal muscle regeneration

    Guangyan Xiong et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses reveal that PERK is important for the survival of activated satellite stem cells during regeneration of injured skeletal muscle.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    A recurrent regulatory change underlying altered expression and Wnt response of the stickleback armor plates gene EDA

    Natasha M O'Brown et al.
    An identical DNA base pair change has occurred in divergent sticklebacks to alter the expression of a major developmental gene controlling armor plates, thus providing a molecular link between particular enhancer changes, cell signaling, and repeated skeletal evolution in natural populations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Hsf1 and Hsp70 constitute a two-component feedback loop that regulates the yeast heat shock response

    Joanna Krakowiak et al.
    Dynamic regulation of the heat shock response depends on a negative feedback loop in which Hsf1 activates expression of Hsp70 and Hsp70 specifically and directly represses Hsf1 transactivation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IL17 factors are early regulators in the gut epithelium during inflammatory response to Vibrio in the sea urchin larva

    Katherine M Buckley et al.
    Expression of two highly regulated subfamilies of the complex multigene family encoding IL-17 cytokines in the purple sea urchin are sequentially activated in a larval gut-associated inflammation model and modulate downstream gene expression in the gut epithelium.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A glucose-starvation response regulates the diffusion of macromolecules

    Ryan P Joyner et al.
    During stress conditions, eukaryotic cells dramatically alter their biophysical properties to regulate diffusion of macromolecules.

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