2,705 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A type I IFN-dependent DNA damage response regulates the genetic program and inflammasome activation in macrophages

    Abigail J Morales et al.
    Activated macrophages initiate a robust DNA damage response that depends on type I IFN and regulates their genetic program and inflammasome activation, establishing a mechanistic link between DNA damage responses and innate immunity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The horizontally-acquired response regulator SsrB drives a Salmonella lifestyle switch by relieving biofilm silencing

    Stuti K Desai et al.
    A response regulator acquired via lateral gene transfer has rewired an ancestral genetic circuitry and regulates alternative pathogenic lifestyles.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3 threonine 11 phosphorylation by Sch9 and CK2 regulates chronological lifespan by controlling the nutritional stress response

    Seunghee Oh et al.
    Histone H3T11 phosphorylation regulates chronological lifespan by linking nutritional stress-response signals to chromatin.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-inducible factor cell non-autonomously regulates C. elegans stress responses and behavior via a nuclear receptor

    Corinne L Pender, H Robert Horvitz
    The hypoxia-inducible factor HIF drives transcription of the gene cyp-36A1, which encodes a cytochrome P450 enzyme that acts via a putative intercellular signal to regulate the nuclear receptor NHR-46 and consequently stress resistance and behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    RNA binding protein Caprin-2 is a pivotal regulator of the central osmotic defense response

    Agnieszka Konopacka et al.
    Caprin-2 is up-regulated in the rat hypothalamus by osmotic stress and controls vital homeostatic osmoregulatory mechanisms by altering the length of the poly(A) tail on arginine vasopressin mRNAs.
    1. Cell Biology

    Alternative RNA splicing in the endothelium mediated in part by Rbfox2 regulates the arterial response to low flow

    Patrick A Murphy et al.
    Transcriptome analysis reveals an alternative splicing program induced in the arterial endothelium under low-flow inflammatory conditions by platelet and macrophage recruitment and dependent upon the RNA-binding splice factor Rbfox2.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Growth hormone-releasing hormone disruption extends lifespan and regulates response to caloric restriction in mice

    Liou Y Sun et al.
    Mice with a mutation that disrupts the release of growth hormone show greatly increased lifespan, which can be further increased by caloric restriction.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A recurrent regulatory change underlying altered expression and Wnt response of the stickleback armor plates gene EDA

    Natasha M O'Brown et al.
    An identical DNA base pair change has occurred in divergent sticklebacks to alter the expression of a major developmental gene controlling armor plates, thus providing a molecular link between particular enhancer changes, cell signaling, and repeated skeletal evolution in natural populations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Hsf1 and Hsp70 constitute a two-component feedback loop that regulates the yeast heat shock response

    Joanna Krakowiak et al.
    Dynamic regulation of the heat shock response depends on a negative feedback loop in which Hsf1 activates expression of Hsp70 and Hsp70 specifically and directly represses Hsf1 transactivation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The PERK arm of the unfolded protein response regulates satellite cell-mediated skeletal muscle regeneration

    Guangyan Xiong et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses reveal that PERK is important for the survival of activated satellite stem cells during regeneration of injured skeletal muscle.

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