845 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The OpenNeuro resource for sharing of neuroscience data

    Christopher J Markiewicz et al.
    OpenNeuro is a data sharing archive that provides a platform for the free and open sharing of a broad range of neuroscience data types.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evidence for a deep, distributed and dynamic code for animacy in human ventral anterior temporal cortex

    Timothy T Rogers et al.
    Signals recorded directly from human anterior temporal cortex reveal that the brain represents animacy information using a distributed code that changes radically as a stimulus is processed, as predicted by an artificial neural network model.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An open label randomized controlled trial of tamoxifen combined with amphotericin B and fluconazole for cryptococcal meningitis

    Nguyen Thi Thuy Ngan et al.
    Despite evidence of significant anti-cryptococcal activity in vitro and animal models, including synergy with other antifungal agents, high-dose tamoxifen has no impact on cerebrospinal fluid sterilization in cryptococcal meningitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropsychological evidence of multi-domain network hubs in the human thalamus

    Kai Hwang et al.
    Lesions to the anterior-medio-dorsal thalamus cause widespread behavioral impairments across multiple cognitive domains, suggesting that thalamic hubs are critical for interconnecting diverse cognitive processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience-dependent weakening of callosal synaptic connections in the absence of postsynaptic FMRP

    Zhe Zhang et al.
    Postnatal, postsynaptic loss of FMRP specifically weakens callosal synaptic inputs onto L2/3 pyramidal neurons, in requirement ofnormal sensory experience, through downregulating AMPA receptor transmission and without affecting local synaptic inputs during cortical circuit development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early life experience sets hard limits on motor learning as evidenced from artificial arm use

    Roni O Maimon-Mor et al.
    Biological- or artificial-arm experience during early development has a significant effect on artificial-arm motor control in adulthood, providing evidence for limited sensorimotor plasticity beyond childhood.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    An XRCC4 mutant mouse, a model for human X4 syndrome, reveals interplays with Xlf, PAXX, and ATM in lymphoid development

    Benoit Roch et al.
    A viable separation of function XRCC4 knock-in mutant mouse model recapitulates some aspects of XRCC4 deficiency in humans, notably the absence of immune deficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Memory recall involves a transient break in excitatory-inhibitory balance

    Renée S Koolschijn et al.
    Hippocampal activity during memory recall predicts a transient increase in the ratio between neocortical glutamate and GABA, thereby allowing otherwise dormant memories to be released.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Social-like responses are inducible in asocial Mexican cavefish despite the exhibition of strong repetitive behavior

    Motoko Iwashita, Masato Yoshizawa
    A new tracking method revealed the social-like interactions in the Mexican blind cavefish, which was thought to be evolutionarily lost, and also demonstrated its mammal-like antagonistic association between the social-like interaction and repetitive behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct population code for movement kinematics and changes of ongoing movements in human subthalamic nucleus

    Dennis London et al.
    Subthalamic nucleus spiking activity, beta oscillation power, and locking of spikes to the beta oscillation are decreased prior to changes in ongoing movements.

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