2,403 results found
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Neuroscience

    The LIM protein complex establishes a retinal circuitry of visual adaptation by regulating Pax6 α-enhancer activity

    Yeha Kim et al.
    Regulation of Pax6 expression through the α-enhancer fine-tunes amacrine cell subtype number, and consequently, the visual output of the retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus-dependent recruitment of lateral inhibition underlies retinal direction selectivity

    Qiang Chen et al.
    Synapse-specific genetic manipulations show that distinct GABAergic inputs are differentially recruited to encode motion direction in the retina in a stimulus-dependent manner.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Probing the functional impact of sub-retinal prosthesis

    Sébastien Roux et al.
    Existing artificial retinas produce distorted and imprecise activation of the visual system, but reverse engineering promises to refine the induced activation patterns.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    YAP controls retinal stem cell DNA replication timing and genomic stability

    Pauline Cabochette et al.
    The Hippo pathway downstream effector YAP regulates S-phase progression to protect neural stem cells of the retina from experiencing genomic instability.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biochemical adaptations of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium support a metabolic ecosystem in the vertebrate eye

    Mark A Kanow et al.
    Metabolic relationships between cells in the retina and retinal pigment epithelium are fundamental to retinal function, retinal disease and age-related vision loss and they may provide strategies for metabolism-based therapies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuron-glia signaling in developing retina mediated by neurotransmitter spillover

    Juliana M Rosa et al.
    Retinal waves are correlated with calcium transients in Müller cells, demonstrating that spontaneous activity encompasses both neuronal and glial networks during a crucial period of retinal development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Resting state functional connectivity in the human spinal cord

    Robert L Barry et al.
    Resting state spinal fMRI will be useful in studies of normal spinal cord function and central nervous system disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitivity to image recurrence across eye-movement-like image transitions through local serial inhibition in the retina

    Vidhyasankar Krishnamoorthy et al.
    The encoding of visual images by certain retinal ganglion cells is fundamentally altered in the context of eye-movement-like image transitions; the transitions trigger inhibitory interactions, which make these cells particularly sensitive to recurring images.
    1. Neuroscience

    An excitatory cortical feedback loop gates retinal wave transmission in rodent thalamus

    Yasunobu Murata, Matthew T Colonnese
    The absence of functional inhibition is a developmentally transient circuit property of corticothalamic feedback that is essential for the central transmission of spontaneous retinal waves.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Connectivity map of bipolar cells and photoreceptors in the mouse retina

    Christian Behrens et al.
    A quantitative analysis of the connectivity between photoreceptors and bipolar cells in the mouse retina based on electron microscopy data yields exceptions from established rules of outer retinal connectivity.

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