1,522 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Small molecule Photoregulin3 prevents retinal degeneration in the RhoP23H mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa

    Paul A Nakamura et al.
    Regulating rod gene expression with a small molecule ligand for the orphan nuclear receptor Nr2e3 rescues photoreceptors from degeneration in a mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Activating the regenerative potential of Müller glia cells in a regeneration-deficient retina

    Katharina Lust, Joachim Wittbrodt
    Müller glia cells in the medaka (Oryzias latipes) retina act as lineage restricted progenitors which only regenerate photoreceptors but can be activated to perform as potent stem cells using Sox2.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-induced metabolic stress in retinal pigment epithelial cells is sufficient to induce photoreceptor degeneration

    Toshihide Kurihara et al.
    Mouse models in which hypoxia can be genetically triggered in retinal pigmented epithelial cells show that hypoxia-induced metabolic stress alone can lead to photoreceptor atrophy/dysfunction.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is required for efficient cone-mediated vision

    Frans Vinberg et al.
    Molecular, genetic, and functional analysis is used to show that the olfactory Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is expressed in cone photoreceptors and is critical for the wide operating range and high temporal resolution of cone-mediated vision.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Photoreceptor avascular privilege is shielded by soluble VEGF receptor-1

    Ling Luo et al.
    The eye produces a protein that inhibits the growth of blood vessels in the deep retina, which includes the photoreceptor layer, and disruption of this process can lead to blindness.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Patient-specific iPSC-derived photoreceptor precursor cells as a means to investigate retinitis pigmentosa

    Budd A Tucker et al.
    Skin cells from a patient with retinitis pigmentosa have been used to generate induced pluripotent stem cells, which could potentially form the basis of new treatments for this disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    dPob/EMC is essential for biosynthesis of rhodopsin and other multi-pass membrane proteins in Drosophila photoreceptors

    Takunori Satoh et al.
    A membrane protein complex in the endoplasmic reticulum is a key factor for the biogenesis of multi-pass transmembrane proteins, including Rh1, and its loss causes retinal degeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Axons: The cost of communication in the brain

    Brian A MacVicar et al.
    Imaging ATP in axons reveals that they rely on glucose from the blood and lactate produced by glial cells as sources of energy.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Planting molecular functions in an ecological context with Arabidopsis thaliana

    Ute Krämer
    Research in molecular ecology and evolution is increasingly utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, placing a spotlight on its natural history.

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