832 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local projections of layer Vb-to-Va are more prominent in lateral than in medial entorhinal cortex

    Shinya Ohara et al.
    The connection from layer Vb-to-Va neurons, a key component of the canonical hippocampal-cortical output circuit, which is allegedly crucial for memory consolidation, is relatively stronger in lateral entorhinal cortex compared with the medial entorhinal cortex, thus suggesting different operating principles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit organization of the excitatory sensorimotor loop through hand/forelimb S1 and M1

    Naoki Yamawaki et al.
    Cell-type-specific circuit analysis reveals a highly polysynaptic pattern of excitatory feedforward connections along the somatosensory-to-motor loop, from cuneate via VPL thalamus to S1 and M1 cortex and corticospinal neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    IGF-1 facilitates extinction of conditioned fear

    Laura E Maglio et al.
    Insulin-like growth factor-1 activates the prefrontal cortex and improves the extinction of aversive memories.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Action detection using a neural network elucidates the genetics of mouse grooming behavior

    Brian Q Geuther et al.
    A machine learning method for action detection is developed and applied toward mouse grooming behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Signed and unsigned reward prediction errors dynamically enhance learning and memory

    Nina Rouhani, Yael Niv
    Throughout learning, both unexpected outcomes and the predictive value of cues modulate learning rate and episodic memory, thereby supporting two seemingly opposing theories of associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Properties of multivesicular release from mouse rod photoreceptors support transmission of single-photon responses

    Cassandra L Hays et al.
    To improve the reliability of transmitting small single-photon voltage responses, rod photoreceptor cells release synaptic vesicles in regularly timed multivesicular events that are exquisitely sensitive to small voltage changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acquisition of innate odor preference depends on spontaneous and experiential activities during critical period

    Qiang Qiu et al.
    A delicate balance of neural activity is required during critical period in establishing innate odor preference.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust vestibular self-motion signals in macaque posterior cingulate region

    Bingyu Liu et al.
    Macaque posterior cingulate region carries vestibular dominant self-motion signals with plentiful temporal components that could be useful for process of path integration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mother brain is wired for social moments

    Ortal Shimon-Raz et al.
    Mother brain shows special sensitivity to social moments of mother-infant synchrony, compared to other caregiving experiences, through enhanced activation across the caregiving network, response to oxytocin administration, and temporal consistency.

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