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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glia actively sculpt sensory neurons by controlled phagocytosis to tune animal behavior

    Stephan Raiders et al.
    A peripheral sense-organ glia actively engulfs fragments of a sensory neuron ending to modify neuron shape and associated animal sensory behavior in Caenorhabditis elegans..
    1. Cancer Biology

    Methionine restriction breaks obligatory coupling of cell proliferation and death by an oncogene Src in Drosophila

    Hiroshi Nishida et al.
    Src, an oncogene, promotes both cell proliferation and cell death simultaneously, which can be regulated by dietary methionine.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous and evoked activity patterns diverge over development

    Lilach Avitan et al.
    Spontaneous and evoked patterns of neural activity in the larval zebrafish tectum become less similar over development, in contrast with a previous hypothesis for the computational role of spontaneous activity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Sensing the world and its dangers: An evolutionary perspective in neuroimmunology

    Aurora Kraus et al.
    The investigation of neuroimmunology in non-model organisms is critical to diversify the field and identify primordial principles that govern neuroimmune communication across taxa.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired spatial learning and suppression of sharp wave ripples by cholinergic activation at the goal location

    Przemyslaw Jarzebowski et al.
    Elevated cholinergic activity disrupts offline hippocampal state and impairs memory formation highlighting the need for a precise timing of cholinergic activity in learning and memory.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Robust, coherent, and synchronized circadian clock-controlled oscillations along Anabaena filaments

    Rinat Arbel-Goren et al.
    Noisy circadian clocks in Anabaena, coupled by cell-cell communication, display high spatio-temporal coherence and can be robustly described by incorporating demographic noise in a theoretical model of coupled clock arrays.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Visuomotor learning from postdictive motor error

    Jana Masselink, Markus Lappe
    Visual, motor, and forward model gains learn from a postdictive update of space to keep perception and saccadic motor function aligned.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local projections of layer Vb-to-Va are more prominent in lateral than in medial entorhinal cortex

    Shinya Ohara et al.
    The connection from layer Vb-to-Va neurons, a key component of the canonical hippocampal-cortical output circuit, which is allegedly crucial for memory consolidation, is relatively stronger in lateral entorhinal cortex compared with the medial entorhinal cortex, thus suggesting different operating principles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit organization of the excitatory sensorimotor loop through hand/forelimb S1 and M1

    Naoki Yamawaki et al.
    Cell-type-specific circuit analysis reveals a highly polysynaptic pattern of excitatory feedforward connections along the somatosensory-to-motor loop, from cuneate via VPL thalamus to S1 and M1 cortex and corticospinal neurons.