377 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Controlling motor neurons of every muscle for fly proboscis reaching

    Claire E McKellar et al.
    A new collection of fly strains comprehensively targets the motor neurons of the proboscis, allowing separate control of every muscle to determine how this appendage achieves flexible, directed reaching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different neuronal populations mediate inflammatory pain analgesia by exogenous and endogenous opioids

    Xin-Yan Zhang et al.
    Exogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in glutamatergic neurons, whereas endogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in GABAergic neurons.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    True S-cones are concentrated in the ventral mouse retina and wired for color detection in the upper visual field

    Francisco M Nadal-Nicolás et al.
    Unique 'true' S-cone and S-cone bipolar cell distribution patterns in the mouse retina are previously unappreciated anatomical features that support enhanced short-wavelength signaling for color detection above horizon.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dietary sugar inhibits satiation by decreasing the central processing of sweet taste

    Christina E May et al.
    Taste-dependent satiation, which induces proper cessation of feeding in mammals as well as insects, is weakened by sugar-diet-driven taste impairment in the fruit fly.
    1. Developmental Biology

    MicroRNA-934 is a novel primate-specific small non-coding RNA with neurogenic function during early development

    Kanella Prodromidou et al.
    Primate-specific miR-934 mediates neurogenesis and downstream neuronal differentiation processes, modulating the expression of genes associated with the subplate, a region most prominent in primates, emerging during early cortical development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Maf and Mafb control mouse pallial interneuron fate and maturation through neuropsychiatric disease gene regulation

    Emily Ling-Lin Pai et al.
    Maf and Mafb differentially regulate MGE-derived cortical and hippocampal interneuron subtype and regional fate in part through promoting the expression of Mef2c and Pnoc during mouse embryonic neurogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Neuroscience

    TUBB4A mutations result in both glial and neuronal degeneration in an H-ABC leukodystrophy mouse model

    Sunetra Sase et al.
    H-ABC leukodystrophy results in neurologic decline, hypomyelination and atrophy of the striatum and cerebellum and Tubb4aD249N/D249Nmouse model recapitulates features of H-ABC disease, providing an important tool for therapeutic development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Warburg Effect and lactate signaling augment Fgf-MAPK to promote sensory-neural development in the otic vesicle

    Husniye Kantarci et al.
    Glycolysis is locally enhanced and redirected in zebrafish to generate lactate, which functions as a signaling molecule to fully activate Fgf target genes required for proper sensory and neural development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct spatiotemporal mechanisms underlie extra-classical receptive field modulation in macaque V1 microcircuits

    Christopher A Henry et al.
    The multiple component mechanisms of extra-classical receptive field modulation, with distinct dynamics, discovered in the monkey visual cortex have important implications for understanding contextual perceptual processing.

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