331 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Receptor-specific interactome as a hub for rapid cue-induced selective translation in axons

    Max Koppers et al.
    Multiple axonal guidance receptors control the local and selective translation of mRNAs by binding to ribosomes, specific mRNAs and RNA-binding proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single cell transcriptome atlas of the Drosophila larval brain

    Clarisse Brunet Avalos et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics identifies cellular composition of the first instar Drosophila brain and the response to starvation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Gradient-independent Wnt signaling instructs asymmetric neurite pruning in C. elegans

    Menghao Lu, Kota Mizumoto
    Genetic analyses revealed the critical role of local Wnt in neuronal patterning by instructing neurite pruning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory neurons are more disinhibited than inhibitory neurons by chloride dysregulation in the spinal dorsal horn

    Kwan Yeop Lee et al.
    The flow of somatosensory information through the spinal dorsal horn is regulated by synaptic inhibition, which acts upon excitatory and inhibitory interneurons, but the former are especially prone to disinhibition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural representation of newly instructed rule identities during early implementation trials

    Hannes Ruge et al.
    Ventro-lateral prefrontal cortex codes novel rules starting from their first-time implementation right after instruction while early consolidation is channeled through increasing cooperation with the anterior striatum.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Free circular introns with an unusual branchpoint in neuronal projections

    Harleen Saini et al.
    A systematic study of RNA localization unexpectedly finds a set of free circular introns with a non-canonical C branchpoint enriched in neuronal projections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between Dpr11 and DIP-γ control selection of amacrine neurons in Drosophila color vision circuits

    Kaushiki P Menon et al.
    The survival of Drosophila amacrine neurons is controlled by neurotrophic signaling mediated by interactions between the cell surface protein DIP-γ and its partner Dpr11, which is expressed on presynaptic photoreceptors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    RNA from a simple-tandem repeat is required for sperm maturation and male fertility in Drosophila melanogaster

    Wilbur Kyle Mills et al.
    Sperm production and male fertility in Drosophila melanogaster depend on transcripts generated from the AAGAG(n) repeated satellite DNA within primary spermatocytes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Targeting the vascular-specific phosphatase PTPRB protects against retinal ganglion cell loss in a pre-clinical model of glaucoma

    Benjamin R Thomson et al.
    Genetic deletion of one Ptprb allele leads to increased phosphorylation of the TEK receptor, increasing Schlemm's canal area and protecting retinal ganglion cells in a mouse model of glaucoma.

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