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    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons sustain inhibitory transmission using plasma membrane uptake of GABA, not synthesis

    Nicolas X Tritsch et al.
    The molecular mechanisms by which midbrain dopamine neurons acquire the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA for synaptic release are revealed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human premotor areas parse sequences into their spatial and temporal features

    Katja Kornysheva, Jörn Diedrichsen
    Neuroimaging provides novel insights into how the motor system represents sequences of actions by automatically separating their spatial and temporal features for flexible skill production.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic functional analysis of rab GTPases reveals limits of neuronal robustness to environmental challenges in flies

    Friederike E Kohrs et al.
    The first complete null mutant collection of all rab GTPase genes in a multicellular organism uncovers neuronal development and function sensitive to environmental challenges in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Therapeutic effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation in a rat model of ADHD

    Da Hee Jung et al.
    High-definition anodal transcranial stimulation alleviated cognitive deficits, affected dopaminergic neurotransmission factors, increased expression of several neurotrophic factors involving brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and activated hippocampal neurogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single cell transcriptome atlas of the Drosophila larval brain

    Clarisse Brunet Avalos et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics identifies cellular composition of the first instar Drosophila brain and the response to starvation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct recruitment of dorsomedial and dorsolateral striatum erodes with extended training

    Youna Vandaele et al.
    Dorsomedial and dorsolateral striatal neural activity differ during early learning of action sequences but do not change with performance improvement across sessions, and become similar after extended training.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Nuclear receptor NR4A is required for patterning at the ends of the planarian anterior-posterior axis

    Dayan J Li et al.
    NR4A is a broadly conserved transcription factor that is required for concordance of patterning information and anatomy at both ends of the planarian anterior-posterior axis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward prediction error does not explain movement selectivity in DMS-projecting dopamine neurons

    Rachel S Lee et al.
    Despite the fundamental relationship between movement and value, they are represented in a separable manner in dopamine neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Burst mitofusin activation reverses neuromuscular dysfunction in murine CMT2A

    Antonietta Franco et al.
    A trial of mitofusin activation shows neuron regeneration and phenotype reversal in vitro and in vivo in experimental Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease type 2A caused by mitofusin 2 mutations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modular output circuits of the fastigial nucleus for diverse motor and nonmotor functions of the cerebellar vermis

    Hirofumi Fujita et al.
    Medial cerebellar nucleus comprises five major types of excitatory projection neurons differentially connected with specific subsets of inferior olive neurons, Purkinje cells, and somatomotor, oromotor, positional-autonomic, orienting and arousal circuits.