211 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    All-trans retinoic acid induces synaptic plasticity in human cortical neurons

    Maximilian Lenz et al.
    The vitamin A derivative, all-trans retinoic acid, induces protein-synthesis-dependent synaptic plasticity in the human brain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Noise modulation in retinoic acid signaling sharpens segmental boundaries of gene expression in the embryonic zebrafish hindbrain

    Julian Sosnik et al.
    Direct measurements of retinoic acid using fluorescence lifetime imaging reveal a new role for cellular retinoic acid binding proteins in noise attenuation that is critical to sharpen hindbrain rhombomere boundaries.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural retina-specific Aldh1a1 controls dorsal choroidal vascular development via Sox9 expression in retinal pigment epithelial cells

    So Goto et al.
    Neural retina-derived retinoic acids synthesized by Aldh1a1 control choroidal vascular development by regulating RPE-secreted VEGF.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Revised roles of ISL1 in a hES cell-based model of human heart chamber specification

    Roberto Quaranta et al.
    Loss and gain-of-function investigation uncovers a regulatory network controlling human heart chamber specification in which the cardiac precursor gene ISL1 accelerates ventricular induction and antagonizes retinoic acid-driven atrial commitment.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hox genes control vertebrate body elongation by collinear Wnt repression

    Nicolas Denans et al.
    The collinear activation of a subset of posterior Hox genes is responsible for establishing a Wnt/T activity gradient that is required to generate the complete body axis, and hence the full set of segments within a vertebrate embryo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Remodeling Synapses: From mice to men

    J Christian Althaus, Michael A Sutton
    All-trans retinoic acid induces functional and structural plasticity of synapses in human cortical circuits through the engagement of the spine apparatus.
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulation gravitates toward either addition or multiplication when combining the effects of two signals

    Eric M Sanford et al.
    When two signals increase transcription of the same gene, their combined effect tends to reflect either the sum of the individual increases or the product of the individual fold-changes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    GATA6 mutations in hiPSCs inform mechanisms for maldevelopment of the heart, pancreas, and diaphragm

    Arun Sharma et al.
    Analyses of human stem cells with distinct GATA6 mutations revealed a spectrum of molecular responses that drive isolated congenital heart disease or the co-occurrence of pancreas and diaphragm malformations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative cobinding of synthetic and natural ligands to the nuclear receptor PPARγ

    Jinsai Shang et al.
    Synthetic PPARγ ligands push and cobind with natural endogenous ligands, instead of compete and displace, which synergistically affects the structure and function of PPARγ.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Conditional deletion of WT1 in the septum transversum mesenchyme causes congenital diaphragmatic hernia in mice

    Rita Carmona et al.
    Expression of the transcription factor Wt1 is required in a lateral mesoderm domain to develop the mesenchymal population required for the closure of the pleural cavities and the formation of the diaphragm.

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