26 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Soluble PD-L1 generated by endogenous retroelement exaptation is a receptor antagonist

    Kevin W Ng et al.
    An ancient integration of an endogenous retroelement in the gene encoding PD-L1 is exapted to generate a soluble form that antagonises the suppressive function of the membrane-bound form.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Retrocopying expands the functional repertoire of APOBEC3 antiviral proteins in primates

    Lei Yang et al.
    Genomes take advantage of the gene-duplicating ability of retroelements to birth novel innate immune defense genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping the transcriptional diversity of genetically and anatomically defined cell populations in the mouse brain

    Ken Sugino et al.
    A transcriptome dataset of nearly 200 genetically identified mouse neuronal cell types revealed that short low-noise homeobox transcription factors and long neuronal effector genes best distinguish neuronal cell types.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide DNA hypomethylation and RNA:DNA hybrid accumulation in Aicardi–Goutières syndrome

    Yoong Wearn Lim et al.
    Global epigenetic perturbations and accumulation of RNA:DNA hybrids are two novel hallmarks of the lupus-like inflammatory disorder Aicardi-Goutières syndrome.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A feedback loop between nonsense-mediated decay and the retrogene DUX4 in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

    Qing Feng et al.
    Expression of the disease gene DUX4 inhibits RNA quality control in skeletal muscle, thereby stabilizing thousands of aberrant RNAs, including its own transcript.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamic turnover of centromeres drives karyotype evolution in Drosophila

    Ryan Bracewell et al.
    De novo formation of centromeres creates diverse karyotypes in flies and is accompanied by rapid turnover of centromere-associated satellite repeats.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    APOBEC3A deaminates transiently exposed single-strand DNA during LINE-1 retrotransposition

    Sandra R Richardson et al.
    Combining in vitro and in vivo assays demonstrates that the cytidine deaminase APOBEC3A can inhibit LINE-1 retrotransposition by deaminating transiently exposed single-strand DNA that arises during the process of LINE-1 integration.
    1. Plant Biology

    Epidermal LysM receptor ensures robust symbiotic signalling in Lotus japonicus

    Eiichi Murakami et al.
    Functional analyses provide evidence for a complex Nod factor signalling where NFRe is necessary for maintaining an optimal symbiotic signalling in the susceptible root zone, and initiation of nodule primordia on the expanding root system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Activation of individual L1 retrotransposon instances is restricted to cell-type dependent permissive loci

    Claude Philippe et al.
    The expression of human L1 retrotransposons is highly locus-specific and variable between different cell types.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new topology of the HK97-like fold revealed in Bordetella bacteriophage by cryoEM at 3.5 Å resolution

    Xing Zhang et al.
    Cryo electron microscopy and structure-based mutagenesis reveal that the bacteriophage BPP-1 contains two of the three major recognized viral folds, one of which exhibits a new topology.

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