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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Independent amylase gene copy number bursts correlate with dietary preferences in mammals

    Petar Pajic et al.
    Comprehensive analyses of amylase duplications and salivary activity across mammals underscore the importance of recurrent copy number variation as a flexible and rapid evolutionary mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    TP53 copy number expansion is associated with the evolution of increased body size and an enhanced DNA damage response in elephants

    Michael Sulak et al.
    Elephants escaped enhanced cancer susceptibility by evolving more master tumor suppressor genes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural depletion of histone H1 in sex cells causes DNA demethylation, heterochromatin decondensation and transposon activation

    Shengbo He et al.
    Transposon activation during male gametogenesis is caused by interactions between DNA demethylation and linker histone H1, developmental depletion of which promotes pollen fertility.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    KRAB-zinc finger protein gene expansion in response to active retrotransposons in the murine lineage

    Gernot Wolf et al.
    Unbiased ChIP-seq screens and genetic knockouts of large Kruppel associated box zinc finger protein (KRAB-ZFP) clusters reveal that evolutionarily young KRAB-ZFPs play a redundant role in retrotransposon restriction in mice.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Resolving the prevalence of somatic transposition in Drosophila

    Christoph D Treiber, Scott Waddell
    Current genome sequencing methods cannot reliably detect somatic transposition in Drosophila.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mobilization of LINE-1 retrotransposons is restricted by Tex19.1 in mouse embryonic stem cells

    Marie MacLennan et al.
    Post-translational regulation of retrotransposons plays a key role in preventing retrotransposon mobilization in the epigenetically dynamic mouse germline.
    1. Neuroscience

    Resolving rates of mutation in the brain using single-neuron genomics

    Gilad D Evrony et al.
    The reanalysis of data from a recent study that claimed retrotransposon mutations are ubiquitous in the human brain outlines a general framework for the design and analysis of single-cell genomics studies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Splicing repression allows the gradual emergence of new Alu-exons in primate evolution

    Jan Attig et al.
    During evolutionary progression of Alu-exons, repressive U-tracts buffer sudden gains in 3' splice site strength and prevent inclusion of cryptic exons.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    NuRD and CAF-1-mediated silencing of the D4Z4 array is modulated by DUX4-induced MBD3L proteins

    Amy E Campbell et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 engineered locus-specific proteomics leads to the identification of NuRD, CAF-1, and MBD3L2 as regulators of the early embryonic transcription factor DUX4.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A mammalian pseudogene lncRNA at the interface of inflammation and anti-inflammatory therapeutics

    Nicole A Rapicavoli et al.
    A long non-coding RNA regulates the expression of genes that encode proteins involved in the inflammatory response.