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    1. Neuroscience

    Chemoreception: Keeping carbon dioxide in check

    Alfredo J Garcia III, Jan-Marino Ramirez
    The response of the brainstem to increased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood is coordinated with the response of the cardiovascular system.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Rhythmogenic Networks: The ins and outs of breathing

    Jan-Marino Ramirez et al.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Two central pattern generators from the crab, Cancer borealis, respond robustly and differentially to extreme extracellular pH

    Jessica A Haley et al.
    The rhythms generated by the stomatogastric and cardiac ganglia of the Jonah crab are surprisingly robust but differentially sensitive to acute changes in extracellular pH from pH 5.5 to 10.4.
    1. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes release prostaglandin E2 to modify respiratory network activity

    David Forsberg et al.
    Astrocytes modulate neuronal networks during hypercapnia, introducing a novel gliotransmitter pathway where prostaglandin E2 regulates breathing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gi/o protein-coupled receptors in dopamine neurons inhibit the sodium leak channel NALCN

    Fabian Philippart, Zayd M Khaliq
    The sodium leak NALCN channel functions as a core effector of GABA-B and D2 receptors that is used along with GIRK channels to regulate action potential firing in dopamine neurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CO2 directly modulates connexin 26 by formation of carbamate bridges between subunits

    Louise Meigh et al.
    A CO2 receptor and a mechanism for the CO2-mediated opening of gap junction hemichannels have been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between respiratory oscillators in adult rats

    Robert TR Huckstepp et al.
    Active expiration in anesthetized rats is driven by the lateral parafacial region, but requires an additional form of excitation from another source.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A calcineurin-mediated scaling mechanism that controls a K+-leak channel to regulate morphogen and growth factor transcription

    Chao Yi et al.
    Calcineurin regulates an electrophysiological mechanism that activates the transcription of specific developmental genes in a heirarchical manner to scale fish appendages.