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    1. Medicine

    Meta-Research: A comprehensive review of randomized clinical trials in three medical journals reveals 396 medical reversals

    Diana Herrera-Perez et al.
    An analysis of more than 3000 randomized controlled trials published in JAMA, the Lancet and NEJM has identified 396 medical reversals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A reverse transcriptase ribozyme

    Biswajit Samanta, Gerald F Joyce
    An RNA enzyme is shown to function as a reverse transcriptase, an activity thought to be crucial for the transition from RNA to DNA genomes during the early history of life on Earth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reverse-correlation analysis of navigation dynamics in Drosophila larva using optogenetics

    Luis Hernandez-Nunez et al.
    Optogenetic stimulation of odor- and taste-sensing neurons of the fruit fly larva combined with reverse-correlation analysis has been used to build mathematical models that predict navigational behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Burst mitofusin activation reverses neuromuscular dysfunction in murine CMT2A

    Antonietta Franco et al.
    A trial of mitofusin activation shows neuron regeneration and phenotype reversal in vitro and in vivo in experimental Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease type 2A caused by mitofusin 2 mutations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Resting-state gamma-band power alterations in schizophrenia reveal E/I-balance abnormalities across illness-stages

    Tineke Grent-'t-Jong et al.
    Resting-state MEG-activity and MRS-GABA/Glx measurements reveal that there is a significant shift in excitability during the course of schizophrenia, involving hyperexcitability during the onset and a reduction at chronic stages.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypothalamic transcriptomes of 99 mouse strains reveal trans eQTL hotspots, splicing QTLs and novel non-coding genes

    Yehudit Hasin-Brumshtein et al.
    In depth characterization of gene expression in the mouse hypothalamus will facilitate understanding of the molecular pathways that affect metabolic traits and discovers new genes associated with these pathways.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Proteomic and transcriptomic profiling reveal different aspects of aging in the kidney

    Yuka Takemon et al.
    mRNA profiling alone provides an incomplete picture of molecular aging and examination of changes in proteins is essential to understand aging processes that are not transcriptionally regulated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Metformin reverses early cortical network dysfunction and behavior changes in Huntington’s disease

    Isabelle Arnoux et al.
    In a premanifest mouse model of Huntington's disease at a stage very far from disease onset, significant network and behavior dysregulation was found, being rebalanced by treatment with metformin.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The genome and phenome of the green alga Chloroidium sp. UTEX 3007 reveal adaptive traits for desert acclimatization

    David R Nelson et al.
    Euryhaline green algae utilise intracellular osmoprotectant modulation and specialised redox enzyme networks to successfully inhabit a desert coastline.
    1. Neuroscience

    A homozygous loss-of-function CAMK2A mutation causes growth delay, frequent seizures and severe intellectual disability

    Poh Hui Chia et al.
    A biallelic missense mutation in the highly conserved, neuron-specific kinase CAMK2A abrogates holoenzyme assembly and causes a new inherited neurodevelopmental disease.