6,073 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Reverse-correlation analysis of navigation dynamics in Drosophila larva using optogenetics

    Luis Hernandez-Nunez et al.
    Optogenetic stimulation of odor- and taste-sensing neurons of the fruit fly larva combined with reverse-correlation analysis has been used to build mathematical models that predict navigational behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computations underlying Drosophila photo-taxis, odor-taxis, and multi-sensory integration

    Ruben Gepner et al.
    Optogenetics and reverse-correlation have decoded the computations by which the Drosophila larva makes navigational decisions on the basis of time-varying sensory neuron activity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulatory network reconstruction using single-cell RNA sequencing of barcoded genotypes in diverse environments

    Christopher A Jackson et al.
    Single cell expression data can be used to determine how regulatory transcription factors and target genes are connected, and is especially useful when studying transcription factors controlling heterogeneous cell states.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A micro-epidemiological analysis of febrile malaria in Coastal Kenya showing hotspots within hotspots

    Philip Bejon et al.
    Malaria 'hotspots' can be identified that range in size from a few homesteads to a village, and it will be necessary to eliminate hotspots at varying scales as we progress towards eliminating malaria.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Independent amylase gene copy number bursts correlate with dietary preferences in mammals

    Petar Pajic et al.
    Comprehensive analyses of amylase duplications and salivary activity across mammals underscore the importance of recurrent copy number variation as a flexible and rapid evolutionary mechanism.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Daam2 driven degradation of VHL promotes gliomagenesis

    Wenyi Zhu et al.
    The glial developmental factor, Daam2, promotes glioma tumorigenesis by degrading the VHL tumor suppressor, illustrating how dysregulation of gliogenic factors can impact tumor suppressor activity and promote glioma tumorigenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular and topological reorganizations in mitochondrial architecture interplay during Bax-mediated steps of apoptosis

    Nicholas R Ader et al.
    Correlative microscopy and electron cryo-tomography on apoptotic HeLa cells reveal remodeling of outer and inner mitochondrial membranes, Bax cluster ultrastructure and ATP synthase reorganization in ruptured mitochondria.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Inactivation of oncogenic cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase 4D by miR-139-5p in response to p53 activation

    Bo Cao et al.
    The tumor suppressor p53 prevents tumor cell growth by employing a small RNA called miR-139-5p to inhibit the activity of an tumorigenic protein, cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase 4D.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Decoding locomotion from population neural activity in moving C. elegans

    Kelsey M Hallinen et al.
    Neurons in the brain exhibit activity with various relations to locomotion and these signals are best decoded by combining activities from many neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single synapse evaluation of the postsynaptic NMDA receptors targeted by evoked and spontaneous neurotransmission

    Austin L Reese, Ege T Kavalali
    In a population of mammalian central synapses, spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release processes are independently distributed; yet, postsynaptic receptors within a single synapse preferentially receive neurotransmitter from only one mode of release.

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