4,700 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genetically diverse uropathogenic Escherichia coli adopt a common transcriptional program in patients with UTIs

    Anna Sintsova et al.
    Conserved transcriptomic profile of uropathogenic E. coli in patients identifies an infection-specific metabolic state.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    CDK9-dependent RNA polymerase II pausing controls transcription initiation

    Saskia Gressel et al.
    CDK9 inhibition in human cells uncovers that Pol II pause duration regulates the frequency of productive transcription initiation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quantitative microscopy of functional HIV post-entry complexes reveals association of replication with the viral capsid

    Ke Peng et al.
    A robust method to quantitatively visualize HIV-1 replication complexes in infected cells shows that these complexes remain associated with the viral capsid beyond nuclear import in primary macrophages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    JMJD6 cleaves MePCE to release positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) in higher eukaryotes

    Schuyler Lee et al.
    JMJD6 helps BRD4 to recruit CDK9 to RNA Polymerase II by disrupting 7SK snRNP complex.
    1. Cell Biology

    Serotonin signaling by maternal neurons upon stress ensures progeny survival

    Srijit Das et al.
    Neuronal serotonin release tunes transcription response times of Caenorhabditis elegans germ cells to promote the survival and stress resistance of future offspring.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Acetylation of BMAL1 by TIP60 controls BRD4-P-TEFb recruitment to circadian promoters

    Nikolai Petkau et al.
    Acetylation of the circadian transcription factor BMAL1 by the acetyltransferase TIP60 is crucial for recruitment of the pause release factors to clock gene promoters and productive elongation of these genes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multifactorial processes underlie parallel opsin loss in neotropical bats

    Alexa Sadier et al.
    Parallel losses of short-wave light sensitivity in diverse bats occurred through independent changes at multiple steps in the conversion of genotype into functional phenotype, including pre-, during, and post-transcription.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An efficient targeted nuclease strategy for high-resolution mapping of DNA binding sites

    Peter J Skene, Steven Henikoff
    CUT&RUN (Cleavage Under Targets & Release Using Nuclease) profiles antibody-targeted DNA-binding proteins in situ with high resolution and low background, providing a simple, robust and scalable alternative to chromatin immunoprecipitation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An atlas of the binding specificities of transcription factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa directs prediction of novel regulators in virulence

    Tingting Wang et al.
    The transcription factor (TF)-binding specificities of Pseudomonas aeruginosa allow us to predict virulence-associated TFs and their target genes, which will facilitate to find effective treatment and prevention for its associated diseases.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ZC3H4 restricts non-coding transcription in human cells

    Chris Estell et al.
    An unbiased proteomics approach in human cells identifies ZC3H4 and shows that it is important for controlling the transcription of unstable RNA synthesized upstream of promoters and over enhancers.

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