6,981 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward signal in a recurrent circuit drives appetitive long-term memory formation

    Toshiharu Ichinose et al.
    A recurrent reward circuit in Drosophila, comprised of specific dopamine neurons and a single class of mushroom body output neurons, transforms a nascent memory trace into a stable long-term memory.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of human ZnT8 in both outward- and inward-facing conformations

    Jing Xue et al.
    Cryo-EM analysis of human ZnT8 reveals a large conformational change of TMD during the transport cycle.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired voice processing in reward and salience circuits predicts social communication in children with autism

    Daniel Arthur Abrams et al.
    Children with autism often 'tune out' the voices in their environment and new results show that impaired processing of voices in the brain's reward system may underlie this social behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Serotonergic neurons signal reward and punishment on multiple timescales

    Jeremiah Y Cohen et al.
    Serotonin-releasing neurons show tonic firing-rate changes correlating with global reward value in addition to phasic firing-rate changes correlating with local task events.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An atlas of neural crest lineages along the posterior developing zebrafish at single-cell resolution

    Aubrey GA Howard IV et al.
    Single-cell dissection of recent neural crest derivatives in the vertebrate zebrafish reveals diverse transcriptomic signatures among differentiating posterior cell types during the embryonic to larval stage transition.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic effects of genetic variation on gene expression revealed following hypoxic stress in cardiomyocytes

    Michelle C Ward et al.
    Cellular stress in a disease-relevant cell type uncovers novel genetic effects on gene expression, which is likely relevant for disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    GATA6 mutations in hiPSCs inform mechanisms for maldevelopment of the heart, pancreas, and diaphragm

    Arun Sharma et al.
    Analyses of human stem cells with distinct GATA6 mutations revealed a spectrum of molecular responses that drive isolated congenital heart disease or the co-occurrence of pancreas and diaphragm malformations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Silencing of transposable elements may not be a major driver of regulatory evolution in primate iPSCs

    Michelle C Ward et al.
    Human and chimpanzee-induced pluripotent stem cells show limited species-specificity in transposable element silencing.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polycomb- and REST-associated histone deacetylases are independent pathways toward a mature neuronal phenotype

    James C McGann et al.
    Poised neuronal genes are repressed by REST and Polycomb in embryonic stem cells independently and via different chromatin modifications.

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