651 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Neuroscience

    The modulation of savouring by prediction error and its effects on choice

    Kiyohito Iigaya et al.
    The anticipation of rewards turns out to have its own hedonic value, on top of that of the reward itself; a wide range of behavioral and neurophysiological data suggest that this anticipation is boosted by prediction errors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hedonic processing in humans is mediated by an opioidergic mechanism in a mesocorticolimbic system

    Christian Buchel et al.
    The pleasure of rewards in humans is mediated by an opioidergic mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mesolimbic confidence signals guide perceptual learning in the absence of external feedback

    Matthias Guggenmos et al.
    Neural confidence signals can take the role of reward signals and explain perceptual learning without external feedback as a form of internal reinforcement learning.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potential herd protection against Plasmodium falciparum infections conferred by mass antimalarial drug administrations

    Daniel M Parker et al.
    Given sufficient population adherence, mass drug administration for falciparum malaria can provide group level benefits, also known as ‘herd effects’.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chemogenetic inhibition of the medial prefrontal cortex reverses the effects of REM sleep loss on sucrose consumption

    Kristopher McEown et al.
    Loss of REM sleep increases sucrose and fat consumption in mice; and inhibiting the prefrontal cortex reverses the increased consumption of sucrose, but not fat, following REM sleep loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian model of context-sensitive value attribution

    Francesco Rigoli et al.
    The dependence of incentive value attribution on the anticipation of rewards within a given context is explained via a normative Bayesian account of how rewards map to incentive values.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Education and Outreach: March Mammal Madness and the power of narrative in science outreach

    Katie Hinde et al.
    Hypothetical battles between animals can be used to interest the general public in biology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Automated task training and longitudinal monitoring of mouse mesoscale cortical circuits using home cages

    Timothy H Murphy et al.
    A new methodology and protocol use automated brain imaging and task training technology to probe links between behavior and mouse cortical circuits.
  1. Research Culture: Why scientific societies should involve more early-career researchers

    Adriana Bankston et al.
    Appointing early-career researchers to positions of influence within scientific societies would be mutually beneficial for both.

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