24 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic mapping of etiologic brain cell types for obesity

    Pascal N Timshel et al.
    Unbiased computational integration of single-cell- and human genetics data shows that susceptibility to obesity is driven by a broad set of neuronal populations across the brain.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Investigating pleiotropic effects of statins on ischemic heart disease in the UK Biobank using Mendelian randomisation

    CM Schooling et al.
    Identifying why statins differ from other major lipid modifiers has revealed a new modifiable target of intervention for cardiovascular disease relevant to both drug development and optimal statin use.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lack of IL-1R8 in neurons causes hyperactivation of IL-1 receptor pathway and induces MECP2-dependent synaptic defects

    Romana Tomasoni et al.
    Excessive inflammation of the brain in early life predisposes individuals to neurodevelopmental disorders by preventing synapses from developing correctly.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PKCθ links proximal T cell and Notch signaling through localized regulation of the actin cytoskeleton

    Graham J Britton et al.
    T cell receptor and Notch signaling pathways are linked via a novel mechanism involving modulation of the cytoskeleton.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-specific shaping of the TCR repertoire and antigen specificity of iNKT cells

    Rebeca Jimeno et al.
    The tissue environment shapes the lipid recognition capacity of natural killer T cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic effects on promoter usage are highly context-specific and contribute to complex traits

    Kaur Alasoo et al.
    Re-analysis of large gene expression datasets with state-of-the-art quantification methods reveals additional candidate genes mediating complex trait associations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Diverse stimuli engage different neutrophil extracellular trap pathways

    Elaine F Kenny et al.
    NETs induction, a central component of the innate immune response, utilises assorted signalling pathways as demonstrated through the analysis of healthy and patient neutrophils treated with five distinct stimuli.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Methotrexate attenuates vascular inflammation through an adenosine-microRNA-dependent pathway

    Dafeng Yang et al.
    Investigation into methotrexate's effects in the vascular endothelium reveals it exerts anti-inflammatory effects through a unique adenosine-adenosine receptor A3-SMAD3/4-miR-181b signaling axis with implications for controlling vascular inflammation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgE-mediated mast cell activation promotes inflammation and cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis

    Qian Wang et al.
    Osteoarthritis pathogenesis is driven by IgE-mediated mast cell activation.

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