24 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Induction of the IL-1RII decoy receptor by NFAT/FOXP3 blocks IL-1β-dependent response of Th17 cells

    Dong Hyun Kim et al.
    Cellular immunological and biochemical analyses reveal how decoy IL-1RII is induced by human CD4+ T cells upon TCR-stimulation and regulates the Th17-Treg balance by modulating IL-1β responsiveness in IL-1RI+ cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    BAD inactivation exacerbates rheumatoid arthritis pathology by promoting survival of sublining macrophages

    Jie Li et al.
    Phosphorylation-mediated inactivation of pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family protein BAD confers the apoptosis resistance on synovial sublining macrophages, thereby contributing to the development of rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Substrate stiffness governs the initiation of B cell activation by the concerted signaling of PKCβ and focal adhesion kinase

    Samina Shaheen et al.
    The combination of molecular imaging, genetic and pharmacological approaches revealed that BCR signaling and PKCβ-dependent activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is required for B cell mechanosensing.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Expansion of intestinal Prevotella copri correlates with enhanced susceptibility to arthritis

    Jose U Scher et al.
    The sequencing of microbial genomes reveals that the presence of a particular microbial species in the gut may increase the risk of the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-specific shaping of the TCR repertoire and antigen specificity of iNKT cells

    Rebeca Jimeno et al.
    The tissue environment shapes the lipid recognition capacity of natural killer T cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic effects on promoter usage are highly context-specific and contribute to complex traits

    Kaur Alasoo et al.
    Re-analysis of large gene expression datasets with state-of-the-art quantification methods reveals additional candidate genes mediating complex trait associations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Diverse stimuli engage different neutrophil extracellular trap pathways

    Elaine F Kenny et al.
    NETs induction, a central component of the innate immune response, utilises assorted signalling pathways as demonstrated through the analysis of healthy and patient neutrophils treated with five distinct stimuli.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Methotrexate attenuates vascular inflammation through an adenosine-microRNA-dependent pathway

    Dafeng Yang et al.
    Investigation into methotrexate's effects in the vascular endothelium reveals it exerts anti-inflammatory effects through a unique adenosine-adenosine receptor A3-SMAD3/4-miR-181b signaling axis with implications for controlling vascular inflammation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgE-mediated mast cell activation promotes inflammation and cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis

    Qian Wang et al.
    Osteoarthritis pathogenesis is driven by IgE-mediated mast cell activation.

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