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    1. Cancer Biology

    Cancer immunotherapy by NC410, a LAIR-2 Fc protein blocking human LAIR-collagen interaction

    M Ines Pascoal Ramos et al.
    NC410, a LAIR-2 Fc protein blocking LAIR-collagen interaction, might be a powerful new strategy for cancer immunotherapy for collagen-rich immune-excluded tumors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Histidine pH sensor regulates activation of the Ras-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor RasGRP1

    Yvonne Vercoulen et al.
    The Ras activator RasGRP1 that impacts Ras signals in immune cells, leukemias, and colorectal cancer, switches to an active conformation aided by a pH-sensitive histidine residue in a central location of the RasGRP1 molecule.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extensive transmission of microbes along the gastrointestinal tract

    Thomas SB Schmidt et al.
    Microbial populations are continuous along the gastrointestinal tract, with increased transmission in colorectal cancer and rheumatoid arthritis patients.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Serum amyloid A is a retinol binding protein that transports retinol during bacterial infection

    Mehabaw G Derebe et al.
    Serum amyloid A proteins bind retinol with nanomolar affinity, and do so by forming oligomers that create a hydrophobic pocket that shields retinol from the aqueous environment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Def6 regulates endogenous type-I interferon responses in osteoblasts and suppresses osteogenesis

    Zhonghao Deng et al.
    Def6 functions as a novel immunoregulator in bone cells via endogenous type-I interferon response to regulate bone remodeling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Metabolic but not transcriptional regulation by PKM2 is important for natural killer cell responses

    Jessica F Walls et al.
    Pharmacological activation of the metabolic activities of PKM2 in murine NK cells disrupts cellular redox balance and inhibits optimal NK cell effector functions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Fine-mapping cis-regulatory variants in diverse human populations

    Ashley Tehranchi et al.
    A map of the genetic variants affecting chromatin accessibility in 1000 individuals from 10 diverse populations reveals how cis-regulatory variants impact transcription and disease.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Epidemiological transition to mortality and refracture following an initial fracture

    Thao Phuong Ho-Le et al.
    The concept of compound fracture risk is redefined to combine the risk that an individual will sustain a fracture and the risk of mortality once the fracture has occurred.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Mitochondrial Ca2+ and membrane potential, an alternative pathway for Interleukin 6 to regulate CD4 cell effector function

    Rui Yang et al.
    Interleukin 6 (IL-6) can mediate pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases through its effects on mitochondrial function.