886 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Curated by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
  1. June 2013

    Episode 1: June 2013

    In the first eLife podcast we hear about the origins of multicellularity, the Irish potato famine, hepatitis viruses, how fog affects the behaviour of car drivers, and the evolution of chromatin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phase-tuned neuronal firing encodes human contextual representations for navigational goals

    Andrew J Watrous et al.
    Prospective navigational goals are represented by single neuron firing rates and firing relative to slow oscillatory phase (phase coding) in the human medial temporal lobe.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Peptidisc, a simple method for stabilizing membrane proteins in detergent-free solution

    Michael Luke Carlson et al.
    A simple, yet elegant method for robust self-assembly of diverse membrane proteins into soluble peptide nanoparticles for their structural and functional analysis in detergent-free solutions.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cell-type heterogeneity in the early zebrafish olfactory epithelium is generated from progenitors within preplacodal ectoderm

    Raphaël Aguillon et al.
    Several neuronal subtypes found in the early zebrafish olfactory placode are not derived from the neural crest, as previously thought, but from the preplacodal ectoderm.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mutations in L-type amino acid transporter-2 support SLC7A8 as a novel gene involved in age-related hearing loss

    Meritxell Espino Guarch et al.
    SLC7A8 a neutral amino acid transporter has a key role in the maintenance of hearing during aging and its absence causes early onset of hearing loss.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Computer-guided design of optimal microbial consortia for immune system modulation

    Richard R Stein et al.
    A computational method is presented that quantifies the effect that specific bacteria in the gut have on the immune system and guides the design of therapeutically potent microbial consortia to cure auto-immune disease.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Initial elevations in glutamate and dopamine neurotransmission decline with age, as does exploratory behavior, in LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice

    Mattia Volta et al.
    LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice are a genetically faithful model that recapitulates the slow disease progression of familial PD, with initial alterations to behaviour and neurotransmission providing early pathophysiological targets for neuroprotective interventions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Luqin-like RYamide peptides regulate food-evoked responses in C. elegans

    Hayao Ohno et al.
    Identification and functional characterization of C. elegans luqin-like arginine-tyrosine-NH2 (RYamide) peptides reveal their critical role in feeding-related processes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple sources of slow activity fluctuations in a bacterial chemosensory network

    Remy Colin et al.
    Single-cell FRET measurements reveal large temporal activity fluctuations within this signaling pathway in Escherichia coli, caused by stochasticity of receptor methylation combined with allosteric interactions and slow rearrangements within receptor clusters.

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