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    1. Cell Biology

    One-shot analysis of translated mammalian lncRNAs with AHARIBO

    Luca Minati et al.
    Detection of translated lncRNAs through selective isolation of active ribosomes, ribosome-associated RNAs and corresponding de novo synthesised peptides.
    1. Cell Biology

    Autophagy-dependent ribosomal RNA degradation is essential for maintaining nucleotide homeostasis during C. elegans development

    Yubing Liu et al.
    Embryonic development requires autophagy-dependent degradation of ribosomal RNAs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The β-hairpin of 40S exit channel protein Rps5/uS7 promotes efficient and accurate translation initiation in vivo

    Jyothsna Visweswaraiah et al.
    A structural element of mRNA exit channel protein Rps5 performs a critical role in start codon recognition during translation initiation by stabilizing initiator tRNA binding to the pre-initiation complex.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Ribosome recycling is not critical for translational coupling in Escherichia coli

    Kazuki Saito et al.
    Without ribosome recycling factor, ribosomes in Escherichia coli accumulate in 3'-UTRs and queue upstream of stop codons, but no effects were observed on the translational coupling of neighboring genes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A systematic view on influenza induced host shutoff

    Adi Bercovich-Kinori et al.
    During host shut-off caused by the Influenza A virus, cellular genes that play important housekeeping roles for the virus are still efficiently translated.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sequence specific detection of bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA by TLR13

    Xiao-Dong Li, Zhijian J Chen
    A pattern recognition receptor called toll-like receptor 13 detects pathogens in a manner that is different to that seen in other pathogen sensors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The insulin receptor cellular IRES confers resistance to eIF4A inhibition

    Calla M Olson et al.
    Utilizing a conserved mechanism, a ribosome can initiate translation from a site within the insulin receptor mRNA to maintain protein synthesis even when standard mechanisms of initiating translation have been inhibited by stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Elongation inhibitors do not prevent the release of puromycylated nascent polypeptide chains from ribosomes

    Benjamin D Hobson et al.
    Although puromycin staining is often used to examine subcellular translation, puromycin-labeled proteins are rapidly released from ribosomes even in the presence of elongation inhibitors, which may confound translation site localization.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The translation elongation factor eEF1A1 couples transcription to translation during heat shock response

    Maria Vera et al.
    Eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1A1 controls the process of heat shock response, from transcriptional activation of the HSP70 gene, to HSP70 mRNA stabilization, nuclear export, and translation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Vasohibin1, a new mouse cardiomyocyte IRES trans-acting factor that regulates translation in early hypoxia

    Fransky Hantelys et al.
    In mouse cardiomyocytes, (lymph)angiogenic growth factors are induced during early hypoxia by a translational mechanism involving a new IRES trans-acting factor, vasohibin-1.