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737 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Ribosome profiling reveals pervasive and regulated stop codon readthrough in Drosophila melanogaster

    Joshua G Dunn et al.
    Ribosomes translate through stop codons far more often than previously thought, yielding C-terminally extended proteins in a variety of eukaryotes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genome-wide regulatory dynamics of translation in the Plasmodium falciparum asexual blood stages

    Florence Caro et al.
    Ribosome profiling has bridged the knowledge gap between transcription and translation during malaria blood stage development and provided a comprehensive gene expression resource for this parasite.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Many lncRNAs, 5’UTRs, and pseudogenes are translated and some are likely to express functional proteins

    Zhe Ji et al.
    Thousands of "noncoding" RNAs, 5' "untranslated" regions, and pseudogenes in humans are actually translated, and some of these are likely to express functional proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation of 5′ leaders is pervasive in genes resistant to eIF2 repression

    Dmitry E Andreev et al.
    Most of the mRNAs whose translation is resistant to the stress-induced repression of protein synthesis contain upstream open reading frames that are efficiently translated under normal conditions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Thousands of novel translated open reading frames in humans inferred by ribosome footprint profiling

    Anil Raj et al.
    Over 7,000 novel translated sequences have been identified from human cells, including several hundred in annotated noncoding RNA, pseudogenes and de novo assembled transcripts.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Long non-coding RNAs as a source of new peptides

    Jorge Ruiz-Orera et al.
    Ribosome profiling data from several eukaryotic species provides strong evidence that many long non-coding RNA molecules encode novel short proteins.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Maturation of selected human mitochondrial tRNAs requires deadenylation

    Sarah F Pearce et al.
    Removal of spurious poly(A) tails by the PDE12 exoribonuclease is required to maintain the integrity of human mitochondrial tRNAs and rRNAs and their availability for efficient mitochondrial translation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Regulation of mRNA translation during mitosis

    Marvin E Tanenbaum et al.
    Ribosomal profiling reveals that translational repression is an important mechanism for cell cycle control and can complement protein degradation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ribosomal profiling during prion disease uncovers progressive translational derangement in glia but not in neurons

    Claudia Scheckel et al.
    Cell-type-specific ribosome profiling during prion disease progression identified minor translational changes in neurons as well as profound glia changes many of which are shared with other neurodegenerative diseases.

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