6,258 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Viral-inducible Argonaute18 confers broad-spectrum virus resistance in rice by sequestering a host microRNA

    Jianguo Wu et al.
    The cooperative antiviral activity of two distinct AGO proteins could be exploited to provide a new strategy for controlling viral diseases in rice.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Growth hormone-releasing hormone disruption extends lifespan and regulates response to caloric restriction in mice

    Liou Y Sun et al.
    Mice with a mutation that disrupts the release of growth hormone show greatly increased lifespan, which can be further increased by caloric restriction.
    1. Plant Biology

    A host basal transcription factor is a key component for infection of rice by TALE-carrying bacteria

    Meng Yuan et al.
    Bacteria use the transcription factor binding region of their transcription activator-like effectors to hijack host basal transcription factor to cause rice diseases by activating host susceptibility genes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Haploinsufficiency of Trp53 dramatically extends the lifespan of Sirt6-deficient mice

    Shrestha Ghosh et al.
    The dramatic extension of lifespan in Sirt6-deficient mice by Trp53 haploinsufficiency suggests that SIRT6 has distinct biological function from SIRT1 in regulating p53 activity and preventing cells from senescence/apoptosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Plants regenerated from tissue culture contain stable epigenome changes in rice

    Hume Stroud et al.
    The use of tissue culture reduces the chemical modification of plant DNA, and this has lasting effects on gene expression in the plants and their descendants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    RISC-interacting clearing 3’- 5’ exoribonucleases (RICEs) degrade uridylated cleavage fragments to maintain functional RISC in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Zhonghui Zhang et al.
    AGO protein-interacting exoribonucleases clear RNA induced silencing complex (RISC)-resulting 5' cleavage products in time to recycle RISC and miRNAs.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Genetic basis of sRNA quantitative variation analyzed using an experimental population derived from an elite rice hybrid

    Jia Wang et al.
    The expression of small RNAs (or sRNAs) is regulated not only by mRNA expression, but also by their own regulatory elements and by sRNA biogenesis genes.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein engineering expands the effector recognition profile of a rice NLR immune receptor

    Juan Carlos De la Concepcion et al.
    Structure-led protein engineering can expand the effector recognition profile of plant intracellular NLR immune receptors, providing a proof-of-principle for the development of novel disease resistance mechanisms in plants.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell receptor repertoires of mice and humans are clustered in similarity networks around conserved public CDR3 sequences

    Asaf Madi et al.
    A new perception of the organization of T-cell receptor repertoires in mice and humans, based on high-throughput sequencing and CDR3 sequence similarity, indicates hubs of cross-species public sequences forming evolutionary conserved 'foci of attention' of T cell immunity.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-order social interactions in groups of mice

    Yair Shemesh et al.
    Tracking individual mice within a group makes it possible to quantify and model social behavior, and reveals that the behavior of the group goes beyond pairwise interactions, and is shaped by complex interactions between multiple individuals.

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