320 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Reduced matrix rigidity promotes neonatal cardiomyocyte dedifferentiation, proliferation and clonal expansion

    Yfat Yahalom-Ronen et al.
    Compliant matrix provides a permissive micoenvironment for cardiomyocyte dedifferentiation, cell division and expansion, and thus may open a new avenue towards cardiac regeneration.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Methylation at the C-2 position of hopanoids increases rigidity in native bacterial membranes

    Chia-Hung Wu et al.
    Methylation specifically enhances the ability of hopanoids to rigidify membranes under physiologically relevant conditions, which impacts the current interpretation of the 2-methylhopane fossil record.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Different TCR-induced T lymphocyte responses are potentiated by stiffness with variable sensitivity

    Michael Saitakis et al.
    Multiple functions of human T lymphocytes are shown to be potentiated within a wide range of physiological cell and tissue rigidities.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Piezo1/2 mediate mechanotransduction essential for bone formation through concerted activation of NFAT-YAP1-ß-catenin

    Taifeng Zhou et al.
    Mechanosensitive channels Piezo1/2 are required for osteoblast differentiation from progenitors by sensing fluid sheer stress and matrix rigidity and regulating NFATc1, YAP1 and ß-catenin activities through Ca2+ stimulated phosphatase calcineurin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Motor Proteins: A surprising twist

    Nikta Fakhri, Christoph F Schmidt
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Efficient analysis of mammalian polysomes in cells and tissues using Ribo Mega-SEC

    Harunori Yoshikawa et al.
    Translationally active polysomes from mammalian cells/tissues are successfully separated with rapidity, high efficiency and exceptional reproducibility by a SEC-based approach, an accessible alternative to the conventional sucrose density gradient analysis.
    1. Medicine

    Identification of drug modifiers for RYR1-related myopathy using a multi-species discovery pipeline

    Jonathan R Volpatti et al.
    A multi-species chemical screening platform reveals a conserved role for p38 inhibition in modulating ryanodine receptor-related phenotypes and is adaptable to a range of neuromuscular disorders.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A processive rotary mechanism couples substrate unfolding and proteolysis in the ClpXP degradation machinery

    Zev A Ripstein et al.
    Understanding of bacterial protein degradation is illuminated by cryo-EM structures of the substrate-bound ClpXP complex from Neisseria meningitidis at 2.3 to 3.3 Å resolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric ON-OFF processing of visual motion cancels variability induced by the structure of natural scenes

    Juyue Chen et al.
    The fruit fly estimates visual motion by incorporating ON-OFF asymmetric processing that only improves performance when stimuli have light-dark asymmetries matched to natural scenes.

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