516 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The head direction circuit of two insect species

    Ioannis Pisokas et al.
    Two evolutionary distant insect species share a common head direction circuit with subtle differences in neuronal morphologies that result in distinct circuit dynamics adapted to each species’ ecology.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A decentralised neural model explaining optimal integration of navigational strategies in insects

    Xuelong Sun et al.
    The first biology-constrained neural model of insect navigation guidance systems was explained including path integration, visual homing and route following, and their optimal coordination.
    1. Neuroscience

    Building a functional connectome of the Drosophila central complex

    Romain Franconville et al.
    The central complex, a highly conserved insect brain region important for navigation, is characterized by a high degree of recurrence and a sparseness of output pathways.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Select forelimb muscles have evolved superfast contractile speed to support acrobatic social displays

    Matthew J Fuxjager et al.
    In situ measurements of muscular twitch speed reveal one of the fastest vertebrate limb muscles on record, which evolved in association with extravagant courtship displays that include rapid limb movements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sexual dimorphism in striatal dopaminergic responses promotes monogamy in social songbirds

    Kirill Tokarev et al.
    Co-evolution of sexually dimorphic reinforcement systems for song can explain the coexistence of the seemingly contradictory traits of gregariousness and monogamy in social songbirds.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Tree crickets optimize the acoustics of baffles to exaggerate their mate-attraction signal

    Natasha Mhatre et al.
    Tree crickets can optimize the baffles they make to increase call loudness without any progressive optimization, and manufacture an optimal baffle in a single attempt, by using a simple yet highly accurate heuristic.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Fruitless mutant male mosquitoes gain attraction to human odor

    Nipun S Basrur et al.
    Engineering male mosquitoes lacking the fruitless gene induces them to be attracted to humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of social cluster by collective pairwise encounters in Drosophila

    Lifen Jiang et al.
    Cascades of transient pairwise interactions, stabilized by multisensory inputs, drive the formation of a well-organized social structure from a group of loosely distributed flies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Velocity coupling of grid cell modules enables stable embedding of a low dimensional variable in a high dimensional neural attractor

    Noga Mosheiff, Yoram Burak
    The neural representation of position in the medial entorhinal cortex may be stabilized by synaptic connectivity across modules, which enforces coherent updates in their states.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Propelling and perturbing appendages together facilitate strenuous ground self-righting

    Ratan Othayoth, Chen Li
    Animals can, and robots should, use different types of appendages together to propel and perturb themselves to self-right when overturned, a strenuous yet crucial locomotor task.

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