2,461 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Tetramerisation of the CRISPR ring nuclease Crn3/Csx3 facilitates cyclic oligoadenylate cleavage

    Januka S Athukoralage et al.
    A widespread ribonuclease is a CRISPR-associated ring nuclease with a highly unusual cooperative mechanism involving tetramerisation of the enzyme.
    1. Cell Biology

    Conformation of the nuclear pore in living cells is modulated by transport state

    Joan Pulupa et al.
    Polarized fluorescence microscopy of individual nuclear pores in vivo reveals conformational changes in select domains of proteins of the inner ring.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The dynamic interplay of host and viral enzymes in type III CRISPR-mediated cyclic nucleotide signalling

    Januka S Athukoralage et al.
    The dynamic interplay between type III CRISPR enzymes governs cyclic nucleotide levels and infection outcomes in virus-host conflict.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
  1. Nuclear pore assembly proceeds by an inside-out extrusion of the nuclear envelope

    Shotaro Otsuka et al.
    Nuclear pores assemble asymmetrically, by an inside-out evagination of the inner nuclear membrane that grows in diameter and depth until it fuses with the flat outer nuclear membrane.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Nuclear genomic signals of the ‘microturbellarian’ roots of platyhelminth evolutionary innovation

    Christopher E Laumer et al.
    A phylogeny of all major groups of flatworms based on hundreds of genes sheds new light the early evolution of this important metazoan phylum, with particular significance for the original of vertebrate parasitism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cell-intrinsic and -extrinsic mechanisms promote cell-type-specific cytokinetic diversity

    Tim Davies et al.
    Functional molecular analysis of cytokinesis in Caenorhabditis elegans four-cell embryos reveals cell-type-specific variation in the fundamental dependence on a robust f-actin cytoskeleton for successful cell division, mediated by both cell-intrinsic and -extrinsic pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transition state and regulation of γ-TuRC-mediated microtubule nucleation revealed by single molecule microscopy

    Akanksha Thawani et al.
    Four αβ-tubulin dimers associate laterally on γ-TuRC to define the rate-limiting transition state for microtubule nucleation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CTCF and cohesin regulate chromatin loop stability with distinct dynamics

    Anders S Hansen et al.
    Single-molecule imaging of CTCF and cohesin in live cells suggests that chromatin loops are dynamic structures that frequently form and fall apart.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic regulation of chromatin accessibility by pluripotency transcription factors across the cell cycle

    Elias T Friman et al.
    OCT4 and SOX2 display partially independent activity to regulate chromatin accessibility, and highly dynamic activity of OCT4 is required throughout the cell cycle to maintain pluripotency enhancer accessibility.

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