274 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional brain alterations following mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss in children

    Axelle Calcus et al.
    Mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss causes changes in the neurophysiological functioning that emerge during adolescence, as suggested by both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs.
    1. Ecology

    Linking spatial patterns of terrestrial herbivore community structure to trophic interactions

    Jakub Witold Bubnicki et al.
    The spatial interactions between humans, large carnivores and herbivores cascade down in a complex but predictable way to lower trophic levels affecting regeneration of tree species in a temperate forest.
    1. Ecology

    Adaptive thermal plasticity enhances sperm and egg performance in a model insect

    Ramakrishnan Vasudeva et al.
    Sperm and egg development are temperature sensitive, enabling males and females to significantly improve their reproductive success by matching gamete function to varying thermal environments for fertilisation and offspring development.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Intergenerational Effects: How maternal adversity impacts offspring

    Zaneta M Thayer, Chlöe A Sweetman
    Adversities experienced by female baboons early in life can affect the survival of their offspring years later.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Intergenerational effects of early adversity on survival in wild baboons

    Matthew N Zipple et al.
    In wild baboons, a female's adverse early experiences can influence her offspring's survival years after the original adversity was experienced.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Tooth fracture frequency in gray wolves reflects prey availability

    Blaire Van Valkenburgh et al.
    Despite risks of infection and reduced fitness, tooth fracture frequency in gray wolves increases rapidly when prey are scarce because they must consume carcasses more completely.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Composition and structure of synaptic ectosomes exporting antigen receptor linked to functional CD40 ligand from helper T cells

    David G Saliba et al.
    TCR and CD40L microclusters are linked in synaptic ectosomes (extracellular vesicles) and released in the immunological synapse by helper T cells and induce dendritic cell maturation and cytokine production.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human motor fatigability as evoked by repetitive movements results from a gradual breakdown of surround inhibition

    Marc Bächinger et al.
    Motor fatigability is associated with a decrease in inhibition throughout the motor network, suggesting that selective inhibitory control is a key mechanism to maintain motor efficiency during repetitive movements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Representational untangling by the firing rate nonlinearity in V1 simple cells

    Merse E Gáspár et al.
    Firing rate nonlinearity recovers linear decodability of orientation information from simple cells of the primary visual cortex under uncertainty of nuisance parameters phase and spatial frequency.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Deep generative models for T cell receptor protein sequences

    Kristian Davidsen et al.
    Deep learning improves estimation of T cell receptor cohort frequencies and learns the rules of VDJ recombination, potentially making it helpful for vaccine design.

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