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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Carcinogenesis: Targeting the link between late pregnancy and breast cancer

    Balabhadrapatruni VSK Chakravarthi, Sooryanarayana Varambally
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    1. Plant Biology

    Convergent Evolution: Shining fresh light on the evolution of photosynthesis

    Areejit Samal, Olivier C Martin
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    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Neuroscience

    Magnetogenetics: Problems on the back of an envelope

    Polina Anikeeva, Alan Jasanoff
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Point of View: The challenges faced by living stock collections in the USA

    Kevin McCluskey et al.
    Living stock collections provide invaluable resources to research communities, yet they face significant challenges.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Human Evolution: New opportunities rising

    Jessica C Thompson
    More fossil specimens and an eagerly awaited age for Homo naledi raise new questions and open new opportunities for paleoanthropologists.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Free-energy simulations reveal molecular mechanism for functional switch of a DNA helicase

    Wen Ma et al.
    Integration of structural bioinformatics and free-energy simulations reveals how a helicase switches its function from unwinding to rezipping DNA, during which a key metastable conformation is predicted and verified by single-molecule measurements.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Intrinsically disordered linkers determine the interplay between phase separation and gelation in multivalent proteins

    Tyler S Harmon et al.
    Computational modeling and theoretical analysis reveal how disordered linkers determine whether linear multivalent proteins undergo gelation with or without phase separation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of ribosomal peptide macrocyclization in plants

    Joel Haywood et al.
    The first crystal structure of an active plant asparaginyl endopeptidase reveals a tetrahedral intermediate state in its active site, which may help to explain why these enzymes have been independently recruited to perform peptide macrocyclization.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Investigating molecular crowding within nuclear pores using polarization-PALM

    Guo Fu et al.
    The super-resolution fluorescence microscopy approach polarization PALM (p-PALM) reveals that macromolecular crowding and inhomogeneity within nuclear pores generate a structurally and dynamically complex permeability barrier.