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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Intergenerational Effects: How maternal adversity impacts offspring

    Zaneta M Thayer, Chlöe A Sweetman
    Adversities experienced by female baboons early in life can affect the survival of their offspring years later.
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    1. Neuroscience

    A quantitative theory of gamma synchronization in macaque V1

    Eric Lowet et al.
    Gamma-band synchronization behavior in area V1 was predicted by weakly coupled oscillator principles.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIP2 depletion promotes TRPV4 channel activity in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells

    Osama F Harraz et al.
    TRPV4 channels in brain capillaries are suppressed by the phosphoinositide PIP2 and activated by receptor agonists implicated in neurovascular coupling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perceptual decisions are biased by the cost to act

    Nobuhiro Hagura et al.
    When choosing between stimuli, the effort required to act on the resulting decision influences the processing of the stimuli themselves.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Genetic screen in Drosophila muscle identifies autophagy-mediated T-tubule remodeling and a Rab2 role in autophagy

    Naonobu Fujita et al.
    Analyses of a developmentally regulated Drosophila myofiber remodeling program provide insight into induced autophagy required for T-tubule membrane reorganization, and uncover a conserved Rab2 role in autophagosome-lysosome fusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transformation of temporal sequences in the zebra finch auditory system

    Yoonseob Lim et al.
    Songbirds discriminate synthetic sounds composed of temporal patterns of clicks, which they transform into distinct ensemble or spatial patterns in successive stages of neural auditory processing.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancient yet flexible cis-regulatory architecture allows localized Hedgehog tuning by patched/Ptch1

    David S Lorberbaum et al.
    The seemingly simple, constitutive response of the patched/Ptch1 gene to Hedgehog signaling is in fact regulated by large batteries of context-specific Hedgehog-responsive enhancers in both fly and mouse, allowing tissue-specific tuning of the Hedgehog pathway in animal development and evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Retroactive modulation of spike timing-dependent plasticity by dopamine

    Zuzanna Brzosko et al.
    Dopamine, a reward signal in the brain, can retroactively convert hippocampal synaptic depression into potentiation, suggesting an elegant biological solution to the distal reward problem.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Morphologic diversity of cutaneous sensory afferents revealed by genetically directed sparse labeling

    Hao Wu et al.
    The first survey of the complete morphologies of nerve endings in the skin of mice has revealed enormous structural diversity.