1,431 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex computes task-invariant relative subjective value for self and other

    Matthew Piva et al.
    Activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex encodes relative subjective value in a common neural code across decision-making for self and other and across tasks with divergent cognitive requirements.
    1. Neuroscience

    A human subcortical network underlying social avoidance revealed by risky economic choices

    Johannes Schultz et al.
    The subjective value of engaging in human social situations, and amygdala and nucleus accumbens activation and their connectivity during social decision-making, vary with social anxiety traits.
    1. Neuroscience

    DYT1 dystonia increases risk taking in humans

    David Arkadir et al.
    Patients with DYT1 dystonia show aberrant risk-aversion in a simple decision-making task, in accordance with predictions of a reinforcement learning model of corticostriatal trial-and-error learning.
    1. Ecology

    Relative demographic susceptibility does not explain the extinction chronology of Sahul’s megafauna

    Corey JA Bradshaw et al.
    There is no relationship between the demographic susceptibility to extinction and the estimated extinction chronology among Sahul’s megafauna, suggesting that human choices, a species’ ecological requirements, and/or random climate variation instead determined the extinction chronology.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body mass index to change in obesity and underweight

    NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
    Changes in the prevalence of underweight, total obesity, and severe obesity are largely driven by shifts in the distribution of body mass index.
    1. Neuroscience

    Primate prefrontal neurons signal economic risk derived from the statistics of recent reward experience

    Fabian Grabenhorst et al.
    Neurons in prefrontal cortex track the variance of experienced rewards to guide economic decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intermittent subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation induces risk-aversive behavior in human subjects

    Shaun R Patel et al.
    Deep brain stimulation can selectively modify neural activity within the subthalamic nucleus to modify decisions under uncertainty in human subjects.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multi-step vs. single-step resistance evolution under different drugs, pharmacokinetics, and treatment regimens

    Claudia Igler et al.
    The number and effects of mutations leading to full drug resistance crucially determine treatment failure probability and should be used to inform antimicrobial treatment strategies with regard to avoidance of resistance emergence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lateral orbitofrontal cortex promotes trial-by-trial learning of risky, but not spatial, biases

    Christine M Constantinople et al.
    The lateral orbitofrontal cortex promotes learning of abstract, task-specific biases, but not spatial ones.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Living with relatives offsets the harm caused by pathogens in natural populations

    Hanna M Bensch et al.
    Experiments show that pathogens spread more easily among relatives causing increased mortality, but such costs are cancelled out by the benefits of living with kin when pathogens are rare.

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