2,666 results found
  1. Episode 48: June 2018

    In this episode, we hear about why we always have space for dessert, how collecting seeds from large areas could help restoration projects, gut bacteria, the placebo effect and toxoplasmosis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Curated by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Paleontology

    Paleontology: A Collection of Articles

    Curated by Ian Baldwin et al.
    eLife has published papers on topics as diverse as paleoproteomics, ancient insects and the discovery of a new hominin species.
  2. Episode 38: May 2017

    In this episode we hear about biofilms in bacteria, drug production, gender bias in peer review, nematode worms and how synchronising brain waves can boost memory.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Neuroscience

    Doc2B acts as a calcium sensor for vesicle priming requiring synaptotagmin-1, Munc13-2 and SNAREs

    Sébastien Houy et al.
    Doc2B functions in two distinct vesicle priming steps; membrane localization occludes upstream Ca2+-dependent priming, whereas Ca2+-binding and interaction with synaptotagmin-1, SNAREs, and Munc13-2 are involved in downstream priming, which makes vesicles readily releasable.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MELK expression correlates with tumor mitotic activity but is not required for cancer growth

    Christopher J Giuliano et al.
    Cancer cells can grow in vitro and in vivo in the absence of maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase (MELK).
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dynamics regulating the timing of decision-making in C. elegans

    Yuki Tanimoto et al.
    A series of quantitative behavioural and opto-physiological analyses using a novel robot microscope system reveals that C. elegans computes the time-differential and time-integral of sensory information for decision-making during olfactory navigation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A gene-specific T2A-GAL4 library for Drosophila

    Pei-Tseng Lee et al.
    A library of a thousand gene-specific intronic GAL4 insertions was generated, which caused a severe loss of function, permitted the assessing of gene expression, allowed the rescue of mutated gene with UAS-cDNA constructs, and provided a tool for the reversion of mutant phenotypes in specific cells or tissues.

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